ing all measures which have deprived members of the House of Commons of this control, and which have served to invest the executive with unwarranted arbitrary powers.
My right hon. friend asked if there was ever anything so silly. Well, it shows how far, long continued practice may come to influence one's attitude of mind. I am perfectly sure that five years ago my. right hon. friend would not have sought to take away from parliament its control over taxation and expenditure and then tenm as silly an effort made to restore it. My right hon. friend asks what control was taken away. Well, I think that during the last parliament there was sufficient protest from the opposition side of the house against the use of the blank cheque and of the peace, order and good government clause of the relief legislation to enable him to know what is being restored at the present time. My right hon. friend knows very well that, as far as the control of taxation and expenditure is concerned, the only way in which this House of Commons can exercise that control is by having estimates brought down in connection with all public expenditures, and by having supply voted in the form of appropriations which give in detail the amounts required and the precise purpose for which moneys are to be used. I wonder if this country realizes how much money has been spent under the authority of the blank cheque, which was obtained every year from parliament under the allegation that it was needed to meet an emergent condition, and whioh was obtained in one instance under closure, and which would have had to be obtained in subsequent sessions in bhe same manner but for the desire of the opposition, not to prolong discussion in this house unduly.
Let me give the figures. The total expenditures made by order in council under the relief acts, which gave the government this blank cheque and other arbitrary powers, up to November I, 1935, just a few days after the present administration came into office, amounted to $192,000,000; in other words, more than the total expenditure of Canada in any fiscal year up to the fiscal year 1914-15, the year of the beginning of the Great war. That is to say, up to the time of the Great war this country's total expenditure had never equalled in any one year the amount of money that my right hon. friend paid out of the public treasury without appropriations during the time he was in office. Not a dollar of that amount was scrutinized in advance by hon. members of this house, or presented in a form in which it could be examined and voted upon.