I have not the agreement before me, but I am familiar with it as I had a great deal to do with its being brought about. By that gentleman's agreement it was arranged that hereafter-it was not so before-Japanese immigrants would be subject to the immigration laws of Canada, except only that they could bring in seventy-five adults of a certain restricted class and seventy-five women and children each year. It is quite possible that that agreement was framed to carry out a well-known oriental expression, "to save their face". The Japanese said they did not mind so much being excluded if we insisted on it, but they did not want it to be done by force of ' law as though they were an inferior people. But it was distinctly understood, and so expressed if I am not mistaken, that they would take no exception to any restrictions on the immigration of their people, providing those restrictions were common to the world at large. They said: You can restrict us altogether, if you restrict white people too. So if the government in August, 1930, had said: "This order in council will also apply to the oriental people," the Japanese could not have made any objection, because they would have been treated in the same way as white people. I think the government has been remiss in not applying that principle, for now we have this very unsatisfactory condition- certain white men from continental Europe cannot come in, but they see 150 Japanese being allowed to enter every year by means of this agreement. I think the minister might well consider the application of that general restriction. I am sure the Japanese would not find any fault under the circumstances.