of ways and means, and the amendment thereto of Mr. Ralston.
. Mr. MacNICOL: When the house rose I was just coming to the question of the value of our home market. Since the commencement of the session I have heard so much afoout the value of the overseas market that I had begun to wonder concerning the value of our. home .market. For the information of hon, members may I say that there are 700,000 employees in Canadian industry, and when we add to that number the families of those employees we account for about three and one-half million souls. On June 1, when the budget was brought down the right hon. Minister of Finance (Mr. Bennett) gave a list of some seventy-four United States manufacturing concerns which had established branches in Canada, as a result of the increases made last fall in the tariff schedules. To that number have been added some additional American branch factories until to-day we have eighty-one American factories comprising new branches, branches which have increased in size and Canadian companies manufacturing for American concerns-all as a result of the September tariff increases. From the days when the Laurier administration assumed office, when the American manufacturers learned that the incoming Liberal administration did not intend to give freer trade, and during the time of the Borden administration, over one thousand American branch plants were established in Canada, In all there are to-day over 1,400 branches of American firms in Canada, and about seventy branches of British firms. A large number of employees are engaged1 in the manufacturing activities of those plants and that number is being added to owing to the fact that new factories are now being built.
I have here some figures in connection with several new branch plants which are being erected as a result of the tariff changes made last fall. First I shall direct the attention of hon. members to the erection of a plant at Tecumseh by a company named "Fine Foods of Canada Limited" with offices at Windsor. In the construction of that plant there have already been used 220 carloads of material principally manufactured in Canada. At the present time 150 men are engaged in the erection of the plant and it is expected that business operations will be commenced within the next month. In the coming season 200 operators will be employed in the plant; it is expected they will use during the year 175 carloads of tin cans, sugar and other materials entering into the manufacture of their product and their output will be 3,000 tons.
Estimating the length of a car to be 40 feet, those 220 cars would form a train one and three-quarter miles in length. Had only one plant been erected surely this result alone would be worth while. However there are others. Let us now consider the Canadian Ceianese Company Limited at Drummond-ville, Quebec. During the past winter a large addition was made to their plant, which became necessary through trade conditions brought about by the changes in the tariff of last fall. In the construction of that addition 375 carloads of material were used, including sand, gravel, cement, crushed stone, brick, reinforcing steel, roofing material, plumbing and heating material, and sprinkler equipment. The major portion of these materials was manufactured in other Canadian plants by Canadian workmen. If we were to estimate the length of those 375 cars we would have a train about two and three-quarter miles long. In the transportation of the materials, railroad employees and equipment would be engaged, so that not only the men engaged in the erection and operation of the plant but also those engaged in the transportation of material to the plant receive substantial benefit. In the erection of that plant 450 men were employed during the past winter.
At this time I wish to draw the attention of hon. members to some facts concerning the erection of the Campbell Soup Company Limited, factory at New Toronto. The other day after listening to one of the blue ruiu speeches in the house, and feeling that surely if we were to believe what we heard in the house there could not be any industry in Canada, I went home and drove out to view the Campbell Soup plant. May I say to my hon. friends that there is a great deal of business in Canada. This country is to-day more prosperous than any other country in the world. However had it not been for the tariff changes made last fall we would find ourselves in the unfortunate position in which other countries are now finding themselves. Now, 680 carloads of material went into that plant and 350 men were engaged in its erection. It will give employment to 180 employees.