They may have passed
such legislation, but I doubt if it has accomplished what this preamble seeks to accomplish. For instance, I should like to know what nation in the world to-day is not troubled with unemployment. Those countries may have solemnly passed such legislation, but probably it is just as effective as some of the resolutions which we pass concerning the abolition of war and establishing the world on a permanent peace basis. In section 2 of part XIII I find the following:
The high contracting parties recognize that differences of climate, habits and customs, of economic opportunity and industrial tradition, make strict uniformity in the conditions of labour difficult of immediate attainment. But, holding as they do, that labour should not be regarded merely as an article of commerce, they think that there are methods and principles for regulating labour conditions which all industrial communities should endeavour to apply, so far as their special circumstances will permit.
Now undoubtedly that and other sections of the treaty were designed to take care of just such a situation as we have. Remember, I am not quarrelling with the spirit of the resolution at all, because if by conference or by arrangement with the provinces and with industry, yes, with agriculture, we can bring about a state of affairs that will enable us to lend assistance to any class of people in this country, then I am sure the government would work'towards that end, and I believe it would receive the support of every hon. member. Some effort has been made in this direction. True, ten or twelve years have passed since this treaty was signed, and I do not know whether any conferences were called in view of the decision of the Supreme Court of Canada in 1924. But at any rate, whether we like it or not, our constitution divides certain powers between the Dominion and the (Mr. Gordon.]
provinces, and how we can get away from that division and still preserve the rights of the provinces I have not yet heard anyone suggest.
Subtopic: PROPOSAL TO GIVE EFFECT TO PRINCIPLE OF EIGHT HOUR DAY