Hon. J. A. ROBB (Minister of Finance) moved for leave to introduce Bill No. 171, to amend the Copper Bounties Act, 1923.
Motion agreed to and bill read the first time.
Mr. ROBB moved the second reading of the bill.
The house in committee on Bill No. 10, to amend the Experimental Farms Stations Act-Mr. Motherwell-Mr. Johnston in the chair.
Bill reported, read the third time and passed. DAIRY INDUSTRY ACT AMENDMENT
The house in committee on Bill No. 12, to amend the Dairy Industry Act-Mr. Mother-well
Mr. Johnston in the chair.
Bill reported, read the third time and passed.
DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE
The house in committee of supply, Mr. Johnston in the chair.
Agriculture-Health of animals, administration of the Animal Contagious Diseases Act and Meat and Canned Foods Act, and necessary buildings: $2,270,000.
William Richard Motherwell
(Minister of Agriculture)
I had no idea until just now that we were not going to sit tonight. As requested by the hon. member for Acadia, I have had prepared a number of copies of the proposed expenditure under the various subdivisions of this vote, and
while these are being distributed to hon. members, I will read the details:
Health of Animals Branch Estimates 1928-29
Animal Contagious Diseases Division (Field inspection, tuberculosis eradication policies, animal quarantine, inspection of animals for import and export) Salaries of employees.. ..$514,000
This is a progressively increasing work, and naturally it requires an increasing amount of money each year, especially the eradication of bovine tuberculosis. As a result of the suspension of the export trade in cattle to Great Britain, we have been able to extend the work much more rapidly this year as we have been able to use the services of twenty-five veterinarians who had been formerly engaged in accompanying shipments of cattle exported overseas, but even with this help we are not able to keep up with the applications from the various provinces for the organization and establishment of further restricted areas for the eradication, so far as is humanly pos-56103-119
sible, of tuberculosis in cattle. It is the extension of that work that is the main reason for this increase.
In view of the large amount involved in this item and the contentious nature of the purpose for which the sum is voted, I think it will be proper for the minister at this stage to make a report to the house covering the operation of the plan to date, and giving the percentage of reduction in bovine tuberculosis wherever eradication has really occurred, as well as the total cost of the scheme if it is to be extended over the immense area of Canada. The minister will perhaps be at greater ease if I concentrate my suggestion to him in a single sentence. What I would like him to do is now to make a report to the committee on the operation, success, and future of the bovine tuberculosis eradication plan.
The restricted area plan was first adopted in Manitoba, at the request of the provincial Department of Agriculture there, in 1923. At first it took in just three municipalities, and the area was extended to four a year or two afterwards. That area was not only the first restricted area in Canada, but the first in the British Empire. About a year after that, a restricted area was established in the province of Quebec in the counties of Bieauhamois, Huntingdon, and Chateauguay. This was extended last year as far as the Richelieu river and was further extended this year from the Richelieu river to the St. Francis river. Next, the whole province of Prince Edward Island was made a restricted area, and we found there the smallest percentage of reactors in any province of the Dominion. Only 0.59 per cent of the total cattle population of the Island reacted to the test, if I remember aright. Then about two and a half years ago, we established an area in the Fraser river valley in British Columbia. That is the source from which New Westminster and Vancouver get all their milk supply.