February 1, 1928


Thomas Langton Church

Conservative (1867-1942)

Mr. T. L. CHURCH (Toronto Northwest):

Mr. Speaker, I very much regret that in the speech from the throne the country has very little with which to be either disappointed or satisfied, because the speech from the throne deals with nothing. It refers to nothing except evasions, postponements and references to this commission and to that court. One of the essentials of a speech from the throne is to give the representatives of the people in parliament an opportunity to lay before the house and the government some of the econ-

(Mr. Evans.]

omic ills prevailing in the country from coast to coast, but in looking over this speech from the throne it will be seen that it deals very largely with platitudes; it contains an apology here and an excuse there, an evasion here and an "if" there; it does everything but make some adequate attempt to solve the many great economic problems from which the workers of this country are suffering to-day.

It says nothing at all about the three greatest problems confronting the British Empire at present; I refer to trade, defence and migration. It ignores the whole problem of marketing, both domestic and empire. We have been sending delegates to the old land constantly; almost every train and boat overseas takes a cargo of them, but they fail to do anything to solve imperial problems-or to give effect to the findings of the empire marketing board. It is no wonder that Australia and New Zealand are doing all the window dressing in the old land in relation to trade and migration, and they are to-day getting the cream of the emigrants.

The first comer stone in an immigration policy is to keep the people we already have here and to stop the exodus, but the speech from the throne ignores that entirely. The second essential is to provide work for Canadians at present in this country, but nothing is done to attain that end either. Parliament has been summoned here for the purpose of improving conditions, but the members might better have stayed home so far as the program presented by the government is concerned. In my opinion the government have shown themselves incapable of bringing forward any legislation which will help solve these problems and relieve conditions which exist all over the country. There is no relief for any of the provinces; there is no adequate protection for industry; there is no social legislation in the way of an adequate and up-to-date pension scheme or some system of unemployed insurance; there is no legislation to check the rush of our raw materials to the United States in the crude or semi-crude state, and there has been nothing done to prevent the dumping of cheap, shoddy European and American goods into the larger centres of population.

The results of all these difficulties are to be seen everywhere in closed factories and unemployment. We have no legislation presented which is designed to benefit the maritime provinces, the prairie provinces or those provinces at the extreme west; the speech from the throne deals with nothing and will amount to nothing so far as the good of the country is concerned. It simply shows that we have

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a government to-day which is absolutely incapable of taking up these problems and offering any reasonable solution for them.

When all this tumult and shouting of the opening of parliament dies, What will the harvest be? What has parliament been called for? Is it called just to listen to the sounding of trumpets and the booming of guns while unemployment is rampant in the city from which I come? Notwithstanding what this government or the provincial government has said, the provincial government never at any time made a survey of the unemployment situation in the province or city which I have the honour to represent. The speech from the throne refers this problem to an endless conference so that it will go around in the same circle as we had a year ago in connection with the coal problem. To this conference or court or commission is referred the question of the resources of Alberta, another economic question, and the question of the St. Lawrence waterway. To another commission has been referred two or three other matters in the report.

The government state: We have nothing to do with unemployment; all that we have to do with unemployment is to launch a great basic industry in the city of Ottawa known as the ambassador cure for unemployment. We have gained a seat at Tokyo, Japan, and when the nominee goes over there, would that Canada had a Gilbert and Sullivan to set to song and verse the burlesque of the sending of that so-called ambassador to Tokyo, Japan, and other capitals. A government that has abandoned the Japanese alliance treaty for the protection of British interests in the Pacific, a government that has refused to give a dollar for the Singapore base, has the temerity now to come before parliament and continue a so-called ambassador cure for unemployment by sending an ambassador to Tokyo. Why not send ambassadors to Italy, China, Germany, Constantinople, Pekin all the capitals bordering on the seven seas?

This government have stated that they have nothing to do with unemployment; that under the British North America Act unemployment is for the provinces and municipalities. We say to the government that unemployment is a matter for the federal government under section 91 of the British North America Act. They are in charge of the tariff, the banking laws, the transportation laws, the immigration laws of the country and for the exodus of Canadians from Canada; and the blame for the present condition of unemployment rests on the federal government. Instead of the

government dealing with this problem, they say nothing about it in the speech from the throne. They are not ready to go as far as they did years ago when they were prepared to pay one-third of the cost of unemployment relief, the provinces and municipalities to pay the rest of the cost. It is all very well for them to make a football out of it. The responsibility is with the Dominion government of the day to see that the people of Canada do not suffer, to see that some remedial legislation is introduced into the house. I regret to observe, however, that no such amendment for the benefit of the worker has been mentioned in the speech. Parliament has often legislated for the benefit of the trusts and combines, the bankers' association, the railways and others, but when it comes down to a question of doing something for the unemployed in the urban centres of population, the government is content with a policy of drift, and will do nothing to try to remove the burden from the working classes of this country. The first duty of a government is to look after the health and condition of its people.

Apparently all the government can do to relieve unemployment is to give a lot of politicians jobs as ambassadors in Berlin, in Pekin, in Constantinople and in all the other capitals of the countries washed by the seven seas.

A few favorite Canadians are to ;be appointed ambassadors at the public expense, while other Canadians have to go as ambassadors at their own expense to search in a foreign land for the jobs that they cannot find in their own country. Many of them returned men who fought for Canada in the great war, at the hazard of their lives.

The great industrial system of the United States was built up on the principle of protection and solved unemployment. In the days of Horace Greeley opportunities for employment in the United States were threatened by imports from Europe. Today opportunities for employment in Canada are threatened by imports from the United States. The United States did not require the founders of American industry to go before a tariff commission to persuade the commissioners that the tariff should be so changed that their industries would be able to employ Americans in their own country instead of driving them to seek employment in foreign lands. Nero never fiddled while . Rome burned the way this government is fiddling in appointing a tariff commission to solve the economic problems of this country. The tariff is not a party question, it is a

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matter of economics that concerns our farmers and toilers in the various centres of population. But instead of announcing in the speech from the throne some measure of protection and safeguarding legidation that would solve our economic ills, nothing is being done by the government to relieve our unemployed who are asking for a job that they may get bread. Many industries are closed up altogether, others are working only 50 per cent, and even the great agricultural industry of the west is suffering.

Under the present government the question of unemployment has been made a political football between the federal government and the provinces. The Prime Minister referred to a statement made by Mr. Ferguson the other day in reply to York township's application for help re unemployment. I have been through Mount Dennis and Sil-verthorn and other places in West York, and there is much suffering and unemployment and returned men there are receiving $25 a week in some of the sweat shops for two weeks' work, and girls working for $8 for two weeks' work. The unemployment situation is so bad in the city of Toronto that they have had to open up the police stations at night in the centre of the city. Last night dozens of men were brought in and slept in the stations. Let me read one front page advertisement in the late editions of the evening papers of last Saturday:

Major Ord, D.S.O, secretary of the poppy day fund reports a large number able-bodied, willing-to-work veterans with families without a job this winter. He is appealing especially just now for clothes for men, including socks, underclothing, boots, overcoats, trousers and coats. Kind people who have cast-olf clothing to give should telephone Hill 2404 or 2290.

They had to pass the hat around on Armistice day; a tag day is necessary for the relief of unemployed soldiers who fought the battles of Canada in Flanders and France. It will not be necessary to have a tag day to raise $500,000 plus $140,000 to maintain Mr. Massey and his retinue at Washington and a minister at Tokyo or a tag day for the upkeep of Canada House and Mr. Larkin in London. It is a humiliating position for the people of this country to be in that we have to have a tag day and beg money for the men who fought the battles of this country in Flanders and France, and this is very largely due to the fact that the' economic and soldier policy of Canada is all wrong and should be changed. Therefore I regret that in the speech from the throne the government has failed to bring down any measure of relief to prevent the .dumping of foreign goods, to stop the exporta-{Mr. Church.]

tion of raw material, to give an adequate tariff that will solve all the economic ills of every province in confederation and bring about a united and happy Canada, stopping the exodus of our people to the United States and reducing unemployment.

It is all very well for Mr. Ferguson to say that there has been no unemployment. He has been very happy in finding employment for a gentleman from New York, Mr. Graut-stein, who has been presented with the title deeds to the Ottawa valley and the Gatineau, and he has extended rights and privileges to Mr. Backus, another American millionaire, in the northwest part of new Ontario. The Drury government gave Backus a principality of timber. Another government has come along and given him extended resources and water-power rights, so that while Sir Adam Beck has been dead for only a few years, his whole life work has been destroyed in the Gatineau contract and others. Certainly there is no unemployment for these American millionaires and others who cross over the border and find Canada a most happy hunting ground and seize the title deeds to the water powers and the mineral wealth of that great northwestern country. He who has the water power rights holds the key to the development of a district.

What was done at the provincial conference with regard to unemployment? Thousands of dollars of the taxpayers' money was spent to bring those people together, but nothing was done except to make a political football of the question, and nothing was done to take the responsibility for unemployment off the shoulders of the municipalities that are being taxed to death by both federal and provincial government. As Professor Fay, of the university of Toronto, said, the returns published by the Bureau of Statistics and the figures published by the Labour department are not reliable. I cannot get a reply from the present Minister of Labour (Mr. Heenan) to a petition sent to me by men from West York who complain of the non-enforcement of the Alien Labour Act in the bringing in of forty men from the southern states to work in the constituency of West York as nurserymen in the market gardens of that riding. I sent a petition to the minister; I have written him five or six times, but I cannot get a reply either from the deputy or the minister himself. The minister is a deep, sea diver and no doubt he has taken the Alien Labour Act. down with him to the bottom of the sea. When it comes down to doing something for the poor unemployed and the working class of this country, the government is content

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to pursue a policy of drift and do nothing to remove the burdens of the working men. The first duty of a government is to consider the health, happiness and prosperity of all classes of its citizens, but apparently all that this government can do to relieve unemployment is to give a lot of politicians jobs as ambassadors abroad. A few favoured Canadians have been appointed ambassadors at public expense, while other Canadians to the number of six hundred thousand are sent across to the United States as ambassadors looking for a job in a foreign land. They are not treated as is His Excellency down in Washington, where everybody is going down to see him in his wonderful uniform and three-comered hat, with his glittering sword. These other six hundred thousand Canadians are sent to a foreign land to look for a job which they cannot find here, and many of them fought even unto death for the liberties of this country, but they have been driven out of Canada by the economic policy of this government. When the working men of this country ask this government for bread, all they are offered is a stone by the platitudes and high-sounding and empty phrases in the speech from the throne. Many industries in my own city have been closed up altogether and others are working only fifty per cent of the time under the policy of this government. The policy of this government is a policy of enmity to the production of jobs for Canadians. That great industry that manufactures jobs and embassies for worn-out politicians will not make Canada a nation. The working out of that policy will make Canada a nation of ambassadors.

I want to say a word about the status of Canada. When Canada is in trouble or war threatens we always 'phone for the British fleet. When Canada was in trouble on the great lakes, ouir mariners had to sound their sirens morning, noon and night for American life-saving boats to come to their rescue.

I am a good Canadian nationalist because I am a true British imperialist. The sense of Canada's nationalism increases and multiplies through our love of British unity. The true Canadian nationalist will not want to see this country a dead beat on the taxpayers of the British Isles for the upkeep of battle cruisers and a navy to maintain the safety of Canadian shores and for the protection of Canada's commerce on the high seas. The true Canadian nationalist will not want to see Canada a nation only in the advertising pages of American journals. As a nation we are a pauper so far as the actual reality goes.

The three greatest problems of empire are trade, defence and migration, but there is

not one word in the speech from the throne about empire trade, defence, immigration or the empire marketing board. The empire marketing board has found that only twenty-five per cent of the fruit used in the motherland was produced in the British Empire. The true Canadian nationalist does not want to see Canada a nation just on the advertising pages of American journals; he wants something in real life. Canada is a nation all right, yes, at five o'clock pink teas at Washington and ten o'clock dinners at Washington. Canada is a nation so far as that goes, a nation such as the Irish Free State or Patagonia or Bogota and every petty country on the earth-we are a nation in the same sense that they are. I^Ve have a contemptible little navy which hugs the shores, never leaves our coasts, and for the past year.has been locked up in a garage at Halifax.^ That is the proper place, in my opinion, a most suitable place and lockup, for any change in the status of Canada. It takes more than embassies and Vincent Masseys and P. C. Larkins to make a nation; it takes more than pink teas and ten o'clock dinners at Washington to make Canada a nation. I remember reading in history that Henry VIII threatened the Lord Mayor and council of London that he would remove the seat of government from their city. The Lord Mayor fell on his knees and asked, "Will Your Majesty also remove the Thames?" An American politician to whom I listened, a Republican, boasted that his party had made the United States a nation. He boasted to such an extent that he almost gave credit to his party for the broad rivers and fertile fields of the American west. I may say that I do not know whether the American west owes its broad rivers and fertile fields to the party in power, but I do know that the United States owes its greatness to the broad rivers and fertile fields in the west. The people whom I have the honour to represent have no more pride in the nation-builders of their own party than I have in the nation builders of the party opposite. I have no use for the nation building that Sir Robert Borden, the Hon. Wesley Rowell, and the other oracles of Union government pretended to do at Versailles, dividing Britain's representation at Versailles and at Washington. I have no use for the nation wrecking separatism of Sir Robert Borden's proposal to establish a Canadian embassy at Washington. That embassy is not now and never will be anything in the nature of a centre of service for the good of Canada. The embassy at Washington is a sink hole, and the Canadian high commissioner's office at Lon-

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don is not much better. These embassies, or sink holes, as I call them, will be duplicated all over the earth by this government. When the seed planted by Sir Robert Borden's and the Right Hon. Mr. Mackenzie King's separatist embassy at Washington has reached maturity, what, oh what, will the harvest be? The harvest will be reaped by the taxpayers of Canada. That harvest will not be in the form of crops that will give an increased profit to the farmers of this country or fill their barns, but it will be in the form of taxes that will empty their pockets. Canada will then be spending two or three million dollars per annum in interest and debt charges on embassy buildings and on the salaries and upkeep of useless Canadian ambassadors, and still more useless staffs of clerks. Canada must spend two or three million dollars per annum in order to prove that we are in an academic way a nation, a nation without a navy or an army.

Never in the entire history of Canada has she at any time been able to defend herself. We are a nation only in a mythical and academic sense. If this was a mock parliament, the speech from the throne would be fitting and all right. I remember the prime minister who leads this house help in preparing a speech from the throne for the university of Toronto students, in mock parliament assembled, and it contained far better ideas of essential measures for solving the economic problems of this country than does the present speech from the throne. A nation is not known by the number of ambassadors it keeps.-Canada owes it to the god of nations that Canada became a nation the day a Canadian keel first parted the waters of our mighty rivers and great lakes. Canada is a nation unsurpassed in the present day and unapproached in history in the magnitude of its coastline and the might of its navigable waters. Canada has a coast line of nearly

2,000 miles from the gulf of St. Lawrence to the international boundary where lake Superior ceases to. be British waters and becomes a coast water of the United States. I could not get much information from the wonderful labour and statistics bureau. The bureau tells us there is no unemployment, but they could not tell me how many sailors were on the great lakes or how many boats or equipment of any kind.

Canada has a lake marine of 300 vessels with a tonnage of one and a half million. Canada has 5,000 sailors and merchant seamen going down to the great lakes in ships and doing business in the great waters of an inland ocean. Canada has a government asleep

at Ottawa that chatters about the new status of Canada. Canada is so much of a nation that Canada's national God-eave-th e-King government must be opening embassies wherever there is some political favourite to be placed in an easy job. Three years ago I raised the question of life saving on the great lakes; I pointed out that there were not life saving crews on those lakes and' no craft or equipment. Hon. gentlemen will remember that cold December when many of our brave seamen perished in the great storm on the great lakes. Canada has a government which is asleep at Ottawa, but we find them sometimes chattering about the- new status of Canada. Canada is so much of a nation that the separatist policies created by Sir Robert Barden and continued by the government headed by the right hon. member from Prince Albert will force the taxpayers of this country to pay not less than $3,000,000 per annum in the upkeep of embassies and the salaries of ambassadors and clerks of embassies. Canada is so little of a nation that there is not a decent life saving station on the coast line of Canada's lakes and rivers from Cornwall to beyond Fort William, except at Toronto where the splendid life saving station is maintained entirely by the patriotic taxpayers of my own city. The Canadians assembled in this House of Commons should blush to follow a government that calls itself a national government and leaves the many thousands of brave lake sailors, as fine a type of men as ever breathed a breath of life, deserted by their own country in their hour of need.

The grain growers of the west and the banks and industries and commerce of the east should be ashamed of this country's callous neglect of Canada's lake sailors. The mother country produced a great Liberal between 1870 and 1880, Samuel Plimsoll, M.P., who directed his efforts against what was known as coffin ships, and who forced legislation to provide for seaworthy ships and life saving aids and help to navigation. Plimsoll, a great Liberal, whose liberalism was of the true and genuine variety, unknown in this country except in the ranks of the hydro-Conservative party in Ontario, fought the hard battles of British sailors who were being sent to death in overloaded cotton ships. The Conservative government of Britain had promised legislation, and when it was proposed that parliament should take recess without bringing down the bill demanded by Samuel Plimsoll, Plimsoll stood up in the British House of Commons and told the ministers of His Majesty's government that they were a set of murderers. Mr. Plimsoll emphasized his sentiment with

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oaths. There was a parliamentary, scandal, but that great hearted and true Tory democrat and progressive conservative Benjamin Disraeli took the situation into his own hands and to-day the Plimsoll mark of seaworthiness is on the hull of every British ship. There is no Plimsoll in the House of Commons here, and perhaps there is no public opinion to enable a man to do Plimsoll's work if he tried. There is no leader among the hon. gentlemen opposite who has as much true and genuine liberalism in his whole body as Benjamin Disraeli had in ihis little finger. I hope the hon. member for Calgary (Mr. Bennett) will be spared to prove that here is at last a Disraeli in the camp of the Conservative party. We all honour our leader, with his -colourful personality, his enthusiasm, and his warm human sympathy for the under-dog, and I predict for him a great victory in the country. You may have all the organizations and all the money you like, but if you have not public opinion with you all the organizations in the world will avail nothing in an election contest. All these hon. gentlemen opposite profess to have changed Canada's status. Canada is not a nation but a colony in the kingdom of mammon on the great lakes to-day as Canada was a colony in the kingdom of mammon on the great lakes in 1867.

The grain growers of the west whose crop is being conveyed by the sailors on the lakes care not a hoot what becomes of these great sailors. The signs of nationality are in the souls of these brave men, the great sailors of the great lakes who carry the grain crop. They go out in the winter storms so that the grain growers of the west may save a few cents a bushel on the price of their wheat, or that the banks and corporations of the west may increase their dividends- and what has been done for the sailors of the great lakes? Nothing. If their vessel runs on a rock in the darkness and storm of a December night, it can stay there until that ship of the Canadian nation, flying the national flag of. Canada, is pulled off the rock by a steam tug operated by the American life saving service and coast guard. _

I congratulate the flock of Liberals in this house. There is one solid block of Liberal members who ought to be proud to follow the belling of such a party, to support such leaders as hon. gentlemen opposite have shown themselves to be in their dealings with the great sailors of the great Canadian lakes. I refer to the hon. members for the maritime constituencies of East and West Lambton, North and South Huron, East Essex, North and South

Bruce, North and South Grey and East Algoma. Here are ten constituencies in which the sailors of the great lakes have their homes. These constituencies have elected ten Liberal members. These ten members have supported a Liberal government. That government has made Canada a nation, they say-yea, a nation. Why, a crown colony-yes, the irresponsible ruler of a crown colony-would be ashamed to offer the brave merchant sailors of that crown colony the treatment that this government and the opposite party-and my own party for that matter; it was not very much better-has dealt out to the merchant sailors of the Canadian nation.

The politicians of the Liberal party have long put away Canada's status as a colony. They have loaded Canada's payroll with ambassadors. There is not *a life saver on the payroll. Their Canadian embassies are to be on the stately avenues of all foreign capitals. There are no life saving stations on the shores of the gjreat lakes. The Toronto Star, the Winnipeg Free Press, the John S. Ewart and, yes, the Hon. W. L. M. King type of Canadian nationalist believes that when Canada's safety is in peril of war the Canadian nation should ring up the British navy. These mythical nationalists, when Canada's freighters are in danger in peace, are content to have the captain of the doomed vessel whistle for help from a United States life saving crew.

The closing days and nights of navigation in the season of 1927 recorded a great story of unbroken fortitude and of unshaken endurance which proved that our countrymen, the sailors on the decks of those doomed vessels, were blood brothers of the soldiers who brought glory to Canada at St. Julien, the soldiers who could not be blown off the ground they gained at Passchendaele, who climbed the heights of Vimy Ridge, who gained the victory at Amiens and many another field of glory, men whose names will forever thrill every true Canadian. These sailors struggled or waited hour after hour; if help came to them it was help organized by the valiant hearts and strong bodies of their own country, or if help came it was help bought and paid for by the taxes of the people of the United States. That is Canadian nationality for you. The struggle was a story of glory for Canada's sailors. The struggle was a story of shame for Canada's politicians. The tragedies of the great lakes in the closing hours of navigation last season showed in its true colours the stuff that Canadian nationalism is made of. The Winnipeg Free Press, Toronto Star, John S. Ewart liberal variety of nationality is the nationality

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that writes and talks and chatters at banquets and refuses to pay under the terms of that nationality.

Canada is a proud and haughty nation. It sends its merchant ships into the winter storms with nothing to do but whistle for a United States service tug when the ship is in danger and to fill the air with the distress signals of a siren with the hope that a United States life saving vessel will put to sea and save the lives of Canadian sailors. Canada, a nation, and in trouble, has a navy maintained at the expense of the old country taxpayer to guard the safety of Canada's shores in war.

I would like to see some immediate action taken as to prison reform, and a special committee should take it up. I find that sixty-four youths of sixteen years of age are in Canadian penal institutions. Are we yet living in a stone age? Canada needs a new broom and reform to restore these men in peace as the Red Cross saved a wastage of men in war. We are away behind the times, and a searching inquiry is long overdue. Grand juries should visit these institutions and make rigid, impartial investigations.

I am surprised, Mr. Speaker, that there is no mention in the speech from the throne of any additional legislation for the further relief of Home bank depositors, many of whom are to-day languishing in charitable institutions. In my opinion there should be no more mergers of our chartered banks without the consent of parliament. A large part of the stock of those banks is now held in the United States. The prices of our bank stocks have been going up steadily, and with so many United States stockholders it would be found impossible in the case of another bank failure to collect the double liability from these stockholders, for they have no property within the jurisdiction of the Canadian courts.

I am sorry to see that the Civil Service Act has been practically abolished. The Post Office Department to-day is run by patronage, even for special, temporary help at Christmas time. The same condition of affairs obtains in the Customs department. We would yet have the old order of affairs in this department and in the administration of the affairs of the Customs department to-day had it not been that the Conservative party, particularly through the instrumentality of the hon. member for Vancouver Centre (Mr. Stevens) forced a house cleaning? Why, the customs commission has spent half a million dollars on judges and lawyers' fees, but it has found out nothing that was not uncovered by the Customs committee of this house-except that the landing

men and other customs employees should be appointed, not by the Civil Service Commission but by the government of the day. Truly, it is a wonderful Teport on nothing not already known before they started.

But the Department of Soldiers' Civil Re-establishment is in a worse position still; there it is all patronage. If there is one department that should be free of politics it is the Department of Soldiers' Civil Re-establishment. But what has happened? The minister has shown his determination to put the Liberal party on the map and the returned soldier off the map. For instance part of the staff of the Christie street hospital have been fired. Why? Apparently simply because they were foolish enough to go to the front and fight for their country. As to the minister himself, he is simply an absentee landlord, and patronage runs the department.

Then I come to the Department of National Defence. The minister of this department is also actively engaged in putting the Liberal party on the map, and the returned men off the map. I suppose he intends to unlock the door of the garage at Halifax and let our navy run up and down the coast. But really I hope he will not send the boat out to sea, and certainly I should not like to see the minister himself venture aboard for I am afraid it is not a seaworthy craft. This navy is to be replaced by two destroyers which are to be built in England. I wonder he has not gone to a German or a United States shipyard, because the very pens and pencils used in this house, the keys of your office, your desk, your post office locker, are of foreign manufacture-made in the United States. Even the atlas which is sent out by the Immigration and Trade and Commerce departments is printed in the United States. And then the government talks about unemployment! But this proposal to secure two new destroyers from England is a contemptible payment for our maritime protection. I was very much amused at the activity of our first sea lord and admiral of the fleet during the recess. He has been going up and down the country and visiting various centres to help Liberalism, but his fleet has been lost or stolen or has strayed away. I should like to find out who is to be the admiral of the proposed new fleet. I would suggest the hon. member for Lunenburg (Mr. Duff). I think he would make a most excellent and popular admiral of the new fleet.

1 have referred to the Minister of Soldiers Civil Re-establishment as an "absentee landlord". But he is not the only wanderer. We have seen the various members of the cabinet taking Cook's tours, some going to England,

Death of Earl Haig

others to the United States, and one to Australia. We used to have one or two

Cook's tourists in our party, but they were not in it with hon. gentlemen opposite in th.eir restless desire to sail the seven 6eas.

Now, Mr. Speaker, I think I have talked- and also thought-for nearly forty minutes. Not every member can think for that period of time. But I have only dealt with the fringe of my subject. I am not supposed to be the leader but I have said more than the Prime Minister uttered during the three and a half hours that he held the floor. Let me say that I can find no suggestion in the address and no promise of any plan for solving the economic ills which now confront the Dominion. The speech from the throne written by the right hon. gentleman who leads the government to-day might well have been delivered to a mock parliament at the university. I do not care to continue the debate, Mr. Speaker, because I understand we have a function to attend in the other chamber.

On motion of Mr. Garland (Bow River) the

debate was adjourned.

On motion of Mr. Mackenzie King the house adjourned at 5.45 p.m.

Thursday, February 2, 1928


February 1, 1928