I was not talking of hydroelectric development, but of coal mines in Nova Scotia and Alberta. I am not casting any reflection upon the administration of the Hydro Electric in this province under the late management or under the present management, except to say that it is not so efficient and not so satisfactory in its results as we get from the operation and control by private companies in the province of Quebec. That is my opinion; my hon. friend is entitled to reserve his own. I was talking about the utilization of coal. Now there the government of the country might intervene and assist. Furthermore we are on the eve of still greater developments in the matter of fuel. There is enough fuel between Ottawa and Montreal, and I believe it will be developed within the next twenty-five or thirty years, in peat beds to permit of supplying at a much cheaper rate than is now being done the entire industrial needs of the western part of the province of Quebec and eastern Ontario. The fuel is there. It can be utilized and it will be utilized some day. It is not, I suggest, the duty of the government-especially the federal government which has no control of these matters of property and civil rights-to undertake the ownership and management of either water-powers or of coal. I suggest again, with regard to water-powers, that within fifty years we will develop electrical energy in such shape and form, and transmit it so cheaply and efficiently, as to render water-powers almost valueless. As to coal we should now attempt to utilize its by-products and save the millions that are going up in smoke every day in this country, save them as they are doing in the public interest in other countries, especially in Germany and in some parts of the United States. The time will come when private enterprise and individual initiative and invention will find some way of utilizing our peat so as to give us cheaper heat, cheaper power and cheaper
light than we have at present through either of the other sources. Therefore, iMr. Speaker, I certainly am opposed to this resolution because I see no need for it. It would be suicidal if parliament adopted it and carried it into effect.
Subtopic: WITHDRAWAL OF COAL MINES AND WATER
Sub-subtopic: POWERS FROM PRIVATE OWNERSHIP