50,000 to 60,000 unemployed in Canada, and I for one refuse to believe that there is any more than a very small percentage of them unemployable. Many have gone off the farm. I have been approached by many of them who are very good farm hands, who have worked on farms for years-family men-but their work is quite uncertain for the entire year, and they have often approached me to see if there was any possible way they could be helped to farm by themselves. Here families are being brought over and started through direct or indirect government aid, they have been very anxious to know if something could not be done for them. These men are altogether better equipped for going farming than those who are being brought here; but on account of their family,-from three to eight of a family in some cases-the work that they have on a farm is very uncertain, and their usual action is to leave the country and go into the towns. I should like to ask the minister if something could not be done for that class of settler who would, if we could keep him, make a very excellent farmer, because they know how to farm, and they have been hired on farms for a good many years?
Both the Salvation Army and the Scottish Society have been doing good work. The Salvation Army gives after-care for four years to those whom it brings in, and if they are not satisfactory it takes them elsewhere without expense to the country.
that the government is really running two immigration departments, one a regular department under the Minister of Immigration, and the other an Immigration and Colonization department in connection with the Canadian National Railway Company, which is of course under the control of the government? Could there not be some co-ordination to eliminate duplication? The cost of immigration in connection with the Canadian National Railways is nearly $800,000 and the vote for immigration and colonization under the department of government at present under review amounts to something over $3,000,000. Is it not possible to harmonize the work by eliminating one of these departments? I am sure there must be some duplication. I have in mind the appointment of Dr. Black, who up to a year or so ago was the deputy minister of this department! He resigned and was immediately appointed to a position in the immigration department of the Canadian National Railways. His salary as Deputy Minister of Immigration was $6,000, but he was such a valuable man that Sir Henry Thornton gobbled him up at $15,000.