This serves to illustrate the position which we occupy to-day in our tariff structure relative to those great competing countries. What has been the consequence on the woollen industry? The United States to-day import in woollen goods just about one-half of what Canada imports, and Canada has about onje-thirteenth of their population. The United States use about a square foot and a quarter of imported wollens per capita, while Canada Imports 4 p.m. about thirty-two square feet per capita. Woollen and worsted imports have been increased from $29,000,000 in 1921 to $38,000,000 in 1922 and $40,700,000 in 1923. The figures for 1924 are over $39,000,000 and close to $40,000,00.
There is another feature which must not be lost sight of. While these increased woollen importations have been coming, the actual manufacture from woollen raw material in Canada has very seriously diminished. If we add our imports of raw wool noils, tops and the like, to our home raw wool production and deduct our exports of the same goods, we find that, in the last year alone, the use for manufacture of this raw wool in Canada declined from 45,354,034 pounds to 35,167,122 pounds, a reduction of more than 20 per cent- this all going on at a time when woollen importations are increasing and at a time when, as every hon. member knows, woollen operatives have either gone or are walking our streets in thousands, and those who are occupied are, for the most part, on part time and consequently small pay. While this^ is going on, the wages in those countries which sell us those woollens run from $3 to $3.50 per week while we are compellable to pay in Ontario, for example, under the wage laws of that province, to female operatives, who constitute more than fifty per cent of the whole number, a minimum of $10 per week for those who have had one year's experience, ami $S and $9 per week, for the first and second six months, respectively. These are the compellable wages in Canada, and if memory serves me right, they are compellable by virtue of legislation passed by the late Progressive government of Ontario. While our industries are forced to pay this scale of wages, and rightly so, other countries on one-third, sometimes one-quarter the rate, are permitted to send goods in here over a tariff of 15f per cent. It passes my comprehension how there could have been any possible result save precisely that which we have encountered.
We are importing $125,000,000 worth of textile goods, all told. If we made as much
of these goods as we have machinery installed in Canada to make, we would employ men and women drawing wages of over $100,000,000. In the manufacture of woollens and worsteds alone, if we employed the machinery we have installed and the capital we have invested, our 21,000 people now employed in that branch would be multiplied by two.