explain how the line is drawn between animals which eventually go to slaughter? Although pure bred their usefulness is at an end; in any event they would be slaughtered for beef or some such purpose. Is the value fixed on the basis of their value as breeding animals? Animals might be pure bred and not good breeders, consequently would not be of any greater value than grade animals.
the same as we would value it if we were going down to buy it. We have an age limit in males, we take the quality of pedigree and the conformation of the animal. All these things enter into the value. The very best will bring the maximum and the others will bring a value in proportion.
only to cattle and not to other animals. I have never been able to get the principle of this thing. As I understand the legislation it applies to cattle, horses, sheep and swine, but not to all cattle.
city of Ottawa: all herds supplying milk to the city of Ottawa come under the municipal test clause and are tested, and in the case of any animals that go down for tuberculosis the owners are compensated. Then we have the accredited herd system. We have something like two or three thousand and they are all pure bred. This provides for a class of pure bred animals, so that when they are sold about the country they will not scatter disease. Another class we call the restricted area. We have one of these areas in Manitoba, and we took it up at the request of two-thirds of the live stock men of that district. We took all animals, no matter of what kind, pure bred or whatever they were, and cleaned up the tuberculosis entirely in what we called the restricted area. We have one of these areas in Carman, Manitoba, one in Huntingdon, Quebec, and we are starting one in Prince Edward Island. In addition to that we have another system of supervising, where no compensation is given, but simply inspection. The schedule is contained in clause 6 of the old act, and this is re-enacted as follows:
The minister may order a compensation to be paid to the owners of animals Slaughtered under the provisions of this act; and in all cases the value of the animal for which compensation is ordered shall be determined by the minister or by some person appointed by him, but, except as hereinafter provided, such value shall not exceed, in the case of gratae animals, one hundred and fifty dolllars for each horse, sixty dollars for each head of cattle, and fifteen dollars for each pig or sheep; and in the case of pure bred animals, three hundred dollars for each horse, one hundred and fifty dollars for each head of cattle, and fifty dollars for each pig or sheep.
Those are the maxima for the several classes of animal.