In reply to my hon.
friend, I may say that all that land has been abandoned by the farmers. It is to-day the most suitable land that could be taken up by 122
the government and used for reforestation. There are certain lands in northern Ontario which, when stripped of their timber, are not of any use for agriculture. In the ollden days less care was taken in the selection of farm land owing to the high prices obtained for farm produce. Lumbering was being carried on on a large scale in Ontario. In the old days, timber was floated down the Ottawa and taken as far as Quebec, largely from that section. A tremendous market was created for the farmers in that district, but once the timber was cut and the lumber camps moved from that section of Ontario, the farmer had no market for his produce. In order to make this clear to my hon. friend I may say that in that section the farmers raised nothing except hay, oats and potatoes. Their land was hardly rich enough to make farms.
Now, Mr. Speaker, in this report of Sir Frederick Williams-Taylor I find the third item is, mineral products $158,000,000. It has been an annual' habit of mine to quote figures illustrating the tremendous production of minerals in northern Ontario. Without taking up too much time I will quote a few figures to show what the mineral wealth of northern Ontario means to the future development of Canada. During the last few years tremendous developments have taken place in northern Quebec and northern Ontario. In the great pre-jCambrian range, the most important, the largest, and the most extraordinary deposit of mineralized rock has been discovered. That district, extending from the province of Quebec right around the shores of Hudson bay and reaching into the Yukon, with its southern extremity in Minnesota, will produce almost all the valuable metals known to science, and it has been said by the mineralogists of our Department of Mines that the surface of the country has only been scratched. Here are the figures of the production of northern Ontario for 1924:
Now it is interesting to note what this industry means to the other parts of Canada and I have here a table showing what the mines buy by provinces, as follows:
Nova Scotia $ 821,288
New Brunswick 94,968
British Columbia 1,892,322
The Budget-Mr. Lapierre
The wages paid were $33,000,000, supplies $25,000,000 and dividends $10,000,000. The following will show who benefits from the production of mineral wealth. Taking the northern Ontario mineral production of $68,284,658 and setting aside $10,000,000 for dividends, wages $33,000,000, the rest is spent
Dairy produce 4,220,000
Flour, bread and cereals, etc.. .. 2,299,000
Boots and shoes 943,000
The mines spent the balance of $25,000,000 on supplies and equipment, and this is how it
Machine shop work $3,250,000
Chemical and apparatus 2,340,000
The mines in Ontario paid out in dividends in 1924 the sum of $7,797,043. The total since the opening of the northern Ontario mining area, gold and silver, is $139,780,125. The Hol-dinger mine, the principal gold producer, has already paid in dividends $22,904,000, and in silver the Nipissing $26,383,297, and the nickel mines $85,000,000.
In view of the far-reaching effect this must have on trade in Canada, I would call the attention of the House to the absolute necessity of developing the tremendously rich iron deposits wdiich we have in northern Ontario. I have not the figures at hand in connection with these deposits, but I will refer to this again if I have an opportunity of discussing a resolution which I have on the order paper. What I wish to impress upon the government is the necessity of giving the development of our iron ore deposits the attention that it deserves. There are but few of us in Canada who realize how much the future development of this country depends upon the development of these iron ore deposits. It is known to people engaged in the business that magnetite and higher grades of ore in Minnesota are within calculable distance of exhaustion, and that at the present time those interested in iron deposits are now looking over the situation in Canada. I hope to see the day when this government in co-operation fMr. Lapierre.]
with the provincial governments will give to the iron industry all the consideration it deserves.