Well, if we could get free trade altogether it would do; but that is impossible in this world. There is something else besides silks that comes over here, and it may surprise some of our people to learn this. While we are continually talking about spirituous liquors being exported to the United States, there is a large quantity coming into Canada from that country at the present time, mostly in the form of alcohol. Although perhaps on the Detroit river and in that vicinity there is not much reciprocity in the imports and exports of liquor, in one or two other parts of Canada there are coming in to-day large quantities of alcohol. This alcohol I know was recently tested and was found good in every respect, and it was placed in the stores of men in the big cities, merchants who are permitted by law to sell alcohol, and they can sell this at a price less than half what they would have to pay for the same alcohol if they purchased it legally in Canada.
Something else that calls for a remedy is the considerable traffic which is taking place illegally in the whiskey business between Canada and the United States. In 1922, at the request of the provinces, this parliament enacted an amendment to the Canada Temperance Act by which on the request of the provinces, through order in council, certain authority vested in the federal parliament was to be handed over to the provinces. Through this authority the control of the export of liquor can be put into practical effect by the provinces themselves. But to my mind there has been something lacking up to the present time to give that legislation full effect, and we hope the deficiency will be supplied by this treaty. Therefore, if the provinces interested would take advantage of the legislation of 1922, with the power therein conferred supplemented by the provisions of this treaty, they could, I believe, bring about a far better state of affairs in the border localities between Canada and the United States. We are hoping that this improvement will be brought about, because I am free to say that at present there are towns in Ontario which, although the people from the town council down hold strong temperance views, are being made ports of export for whiskey manufactured legally, but peddled illegally. If this result is accomplished, then I say the treaty will be worth while.
Canada-U.S. Smuggling Treaty