February 9, 1925

APPOINTMENT OF CLERK AND CLERK ASSISTANT

LIB

Hewitt Bostock (Speaker of the Senate)

Liberal

Mr. SPEAKER:

I have the honour to

inform the House that Arthur Beauchesne, Esquire, K.C., F.R.S.C., has been appointed Clerk of the House of Commons, in the place of William Barton Northrup, Esquire, M.A., K.C., retired;

And that Thomas Munro Fraser, Esquire, LL.B., has been appointed Clerk Assistant.

FOURTH SESSION-FOURTEENTH PARLIAM ENT-OPENING Mr. Speaker read a communication from Mr. A. F. Sladen, Governor General's Secretary, announcing that His Excellency the Governor General would proceed to the Senate chamber at three p.m. on this day, for the purpose of formally opening the session of the Dominion Parliament.

A message was delivered by Colonel Ernest J. Chambers, Gentleman Usher of the Black Rod, as follows:

Mr. Speaker, His Excellency the Governor General desires the immediate attendance of this honourable House in the chamber of the honourable the Senate.

Accordingly the House went up to the Senate chamber.

And the House being returned to the Commons chamber:

Topic:   APPOINTMENT OF CLERK AND CLERK ASSISTANT
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VACANCIES

LIB

Hewitt Bostock (Speaker of the Senate)

Liberal

Mr. SPEAKER:

I have the honour to

inform the House that during the recess I 1

received communications from several members notifying me that the following vacancies had occurred in the representation, viz.:

Of Joseph Emile Stanislas Emmanuel d'Anjou, Esquire, member for the electoral district of Rimouski, consequent upon the acceptance of an office of emolument under the crown.

Of John Morrissy, Esquire, member for the electoral district of Northumberland (N.B.), by decease.

Of John Armstrong MacKelvie, Esquire, member for the electoral district of Yale, by decease.

Of Charles A. Gauvreau, Esquire, member for the electoral district of Temiscouata, by decease.

I accordingly issued my warrants to the Chief Electoral Officer to make out new writs of election for the said electoral districts respectively.

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NEW MEMBERS

LIB

Hewitt Bostock (Speaker of the Senate)

Liberal

Mr. SPEAKER:

I have the honour to

inform the House that during the recess the Clerk of the House has received from the Chief Electoral Officer certificates of the election and return of the following members, viz:

Of William James Hushion, Esquire, for the electoral district of St. Antoine.

Of Sir Eugene Fiset, Kt., for the electoral district of Rimouski.

Of William Bunting Snowball, Esquire, for the electoral district of Northumberland, N.B.

Of Grote Stirling, Esquire, for the electoral district of Yale.

Of Charles Edward Hanna, Esquire, for the electoral district of West Hastings.

Of Jean Francois Pouliot, Esquire, for the electoral district of Temiscouata.

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NEW MEMBERS INTRODUCED


William James Hushion, Esquire, member for the electoral district of St. Antoine, introduced by Right Hon. W. L. Mackenzie King and Hon. P. J. A. Cardin. Sir Eugene Fiset, Kt., member for the electoral district of Rimouski, introduced by Right Hon. W. L. Mackenzie King and Hon. Ernest Lapointe.



Governor General's Speech



William Bunting Snowball, Esquire, member for the electoral district of Northumberland (N.B.), introduced by Hon. A. B. Copp and Pius Michaud, Esquire. Charles Edward Hanna, Esquire, member for the electoral district of West Hastings, introduced by Right Hon. W. L. Mackenzie King and Hon. James Murdock. Jean Francois Pouliot, Esquire, member for the electoral district of Temiscouata, introduced by Right Hon. W. L. Mackenzie King and Hon. Ernest Lapointe.


OATHS OF OFFICE


Right Hon. W. L. Mackenzie King (Prime Minister) moved for leave to introduce Bill No. 1. respecting the Administration of Oaths of Office.


THE GOVERNOR GENERAL'S SPEECH

LIB

Hewitt Bostock (Speaker of the Senate)

Liberal

Mr. SPEAKER:

I have the honour to

inform the House that when the House did attend His Excellency the Governor General this day in the Senate chamber, His Excellency was pleased to make a speech to both houses of parliament. To prevent mistakes, I have obtained a copy, which is as follows:

Honourable Members of the Senate:

Members of the House of Commons:

I have pleasure in welcoming you to the fourth session of the fourteenth parliament.

Since prorogation, the economic situation throughout the world has notably improved. For Canada, the year 1924 was a period of substantial progress. In trade alone, the excess value of exports over imports was more than $260,000,000. The present year opens with prospects of sound and steady development. The financial and trade situation justifies the expectation of an early return to the gold basis.

The problem of the cost of living is the most important that my ministers have in mind at the present time, and every effort is being made to improve conditions with respect thereto. It is apparent that even the most rigid economy in public expenditures will not suffice to solve this pressing problem and the problem of taxation incidental thereto. Their ultimate solution lies largely in increased production and the development of new and wider markets. It is to be borne continually in mind that the existing burden of taxation is due mainly to uncontrollable expenditure in the nature of payments and obligations arising out of the war, and to the encumbered position of the National Railways.

To aid in an increase of production, through the development of our vast natural resources, every effort is being made to attract the right class of immigrants to Canada, and to secure their settlement in the undeveloped areas served by our great transportation systems. In due course steps will be taken to further colonization and settlement in other fertile regions such as those of the Peace river.

The cost of production of raw materials and the necessaries of life has been lessened by the reductions in the tariff and the sales tax effected at the last session. It is becoming increasingly evident, however, that quite as important a factor a3 the customs tariff in their effect upon production and living costs are transportation costs and rates, by land and sea.

I Mr. Speaker.]

It is the opinion of my advisers that the attention of parliament at the present session should be directed more particularly to the desirability of effecting a freer movement of commodities through an equalization of railway freight rates as between provinces and localities, and through a lowering of carrying charges upon shipments by water of the products of the farm, the mine, the forest, the fisheries, and of our manufacturing industries.

Some measure of control of transportation by land and sea is obviously essential to the promotion of interimperial trade, the expansion of export trade generally, and the development of Canadian trade via Canadian ports.

The procedure it may be advisable to follow with respect to railway freight rates will in some measure necessarily depend upon the decision of the Supreme Court in the appeal respecting the Crowsnest pass agreement. With regard to ocean freight rates, action is being taken to overcome the restraints on export trade due to the exactions of the powerful steamship combine known as the North Atlantic Steamship Conference. Your approval will be asked of a measure aimed at affording the government of Canada a control of ocean rates.

It is the intention of the government so to equip our important ports on the St. Lawrence route, and on both the Atlantic and Pacific coasts, as to enable them to meet all requirements of modern navigation.

To secure greater co-operation in the administration of the laws of the two countries respecting smuggling and the prosecution and extradition of persons violating the anti-narcotic laws of either country, treaties between the Dominion of Canada and the United States have been negotiated and signed. They will be submitted for your approval prior to their ratification.

You will be asked to sanction the calling of a conference between the federal and provincial governments to consider the advisability of amending the British North America Act with respect to the constitution and powers of the Senate, and in other important particulars. _

Your attention will also be invited, during the course of the session, to certain trade agreements, to legislation respecting the handling and marketing of Canadian grain and to other important matters. Members of the House of Commons:

The public accounts for the last fiscal year, and the estimates for the coming year, wil: be promptly submitted. In the preparation of the estimates, regard has been had to the need for continued economy with respect to the public services and public works.

Honourable Members of the Senate:

Members of the House of Commons:

May Divine Providence guide and bless your deliberations.

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LIB

William Lyon Mackenzie King (Prime Minister; President of the Privy Council; Secretary of State for External Affairs)

Liberal

Right Hon. W. L. MACKENZIE KING (Prime Minister) moved:

That the Speech of His Excellency, the Governor General, to both houses of parliament be taken into consideration on Monday next, and that this order have precedence over all other business, except the introduction of bills, until disposed of.

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Motion agreed to.


SELECT STANDING COMMITTEES

LIB

William Lyon Mackenzie King (Prime Minister; President of the Privy Council; Secretary of State for External Affairs)

Liberal

Right Hon. W. L. MACKENZIE KING (Prime Minister) moved:

That a special committee be appointed to prepare and report, with all convenient speed, lists of members to compose the select standing committees of this House under rule 10, said committee to be composed of Messieurs. Beland, Copp. Low, Kyte, Papineau, Tolmie. Boys, Johnston (Last Mountain) and

Deceased Members

Halbert, and that that portion of rule 10 limiting the members of the said committee be suspended in relation thereto.

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Motion agreed to.


INTERNAL ECONOMY COMMISSION

February 9, 1925