Mr. STEWART (Argenteuil):
At the request of the hon. member for Vancouver Centre (Mr. Stevens), this clause stood, and I did not make any explanation at the time in connection with it. The explanation is that for some considerable time, the provinces of Manitoba, Saskatchewan and Alberta have made representations asking that individuals who have homesteaded in the southern areas known as the drier areas of those provinces be given the privilege of securing a second homestead if they were desirous of doing so, in the northern area of the particular province, where more fertile lands were available. To meet this, we have embodied in this clause a provision that where an individual has had a homestead and has made failure owing to no fault of his own, but rather to climatic conditions that exist in those areas, he be given an opportunity to take a homestead in the northern area of the province under the provisions of the Dominion Lands Act. It is necessary that he be armed with the certificate from the provincial government showing that in their opinion he is entitled to consideration. We have confined this matter to the area south of township 31, not including all the district formerly known as the pre-emption area across the two provinces. That is all we propose to do in the matter. I may assure the committee that we propose to make a careful inquiry to make sure that we are not being imposed upon, and to confine our operations absolutely to those who have been unsuccessful in this particular area.