We have no such mills. I will qualify that lby saying that we did have one during the war. During the war there was a demand for this product but not at a price that would enable the factory to use table potatoes. So they took the culls, the small potatoes that were not saleable, and they made them into potato flour and sold it at a price that would pay them for the manufacturej However, even at that time of high prices the demand for potato flour would not warrant the use of table potatoes for the purpose; consequently, since the war, that factory has closed down. Even at fifty cents a barrel a profitable industry cannot be carried on to-day by taking table potatoes, converting them into potato flour, and selling the product at the price they could get.
I have here another clipping which states a certain firm in the United States is buying tracts of land in Nova Scotia, tracts of land such as the Nashwaak Pulp and Paper Company own, and by the way it is expected that the Nashwaak Pulp and Paper Company's mills will close down in New Brunswick in the very near future, and that the pulp wood cut on these lands will be shipped to their American mills. This will also result in the closing down of the mills in Nova Scotia because they can import these raw materials into the United States free of duty, while there is at the present time a bill 'before the United States Senate to impose an import duty on manu factured pulp and paper and this will be the means of helping to build up the industry in the country to the south instead of our own.
I want to say further, and I know the hon. member for Brome (Mr. McMaster) will agree with me in this. Some people have attributed the prosperity of the pro-
vince of Quebec to the fact that the sale of liquor is permitted there. I do not agree with that statement. I think it is more attributable to the fact that Quebec has encouraged the manufacture of pulp and paper in that province. I think I am well within the mark, Mr. Speaker, when I say that the province of Quebec to-day manufactures 70 per cent of all the chemical pulp and paper that is manufactured in the Dominion. I think that is correct, but I am
speaking from memory, and, of course, subject to correction. Due to that fact Quebec has become prosperous; because possibly there is no industry in Canada so profitable, or has been in the last ten years, than the manufacture of raw pulp into paper.
I want to give more reasons why this should be done, not as an act of retaliation against the United States, but as an act of commonsense for Canada. To-day we have a pest called the spruce bud moth, which is killing the forests of Canada quite rapidly-and I am glad to say I believe it is diminishing very much;-due to the fact that United States corporations are allowed to come in and buy large tracts of land. They are not interested in the conservation of our forests, nor in the condition of the country after the forests are cut, as our own citizens are. They are simply stripping the forests of Canada, and reaping the benefit in their manufactures in the United States. The different provinces of Canada a few years ago pretended to take some action in this matter. However, they have not jurisdiction in international trade, but have jurisdiction over their own Crown lands in the eastern provinces, where these forests are located. They passed an act containing a provision such as this:
That no pulpwood cut on Crown lands shall be exported from Canada.