the outset that I did not wish to detract from the work done at that time. But there is a factor that very many people lose sight of, and that is that a very large part of the West was settled by Easterners, not by immigrants. You can scarcely go anywhere in the Prairie Provinces without meeting people from Ontario, Quebec and the Maritime Provinces. Thousands of people from Eastern Canada moved West. The West has not been filled up entirely by people coming into Canada.
is that those large European colonies of good immigrants, such as Galicians, Russians and other people from Central Europe, came during the period after 1897. I remember seeing long trains of such immigrants passing through Ottawa.
I would imagine that it is kept at the seaboard. All goods passed by immigrants must be classified and a record of the total value kept by the customs authorities. I have not the figures before me, but I would think they would be very easily ascertainable.
figures at hand. I wish to refer for a few moments to another feature of the situa-
tion. A good many people fail to realize that conditions in Canada from the standpoint of immigration are not the same to-day as they were some years ago; they have changed very materially. Many people have an idea that there is an unlimited number of homesteads still available. That is not the case. You can draw a line across the three provinces passing through, say, Prince Albert and away north to Edmonton, and from there to the International boundary, a distance of 250 or 300 miles, there is not a homestead left that is reasonably fit for homesteading. Members who are acquainted with the western provinces will agree with me.
Not all under cultivation by any means. But at the time we were supposed to have that very heavy immigration, when the country was settled up by leaps and bounds, we had millions of acres of the finest land in the world of which a man could get 160 acres by payment of a fee oi: $10.