The further legislation of 1911-that is the chronological order. The Conference at Shanghai recommended the calling of an international conference to consider the framing of an international convention which might result in the suppression, in very large measure, of improper use of opium, morphia and cocaine. That Conference met at The Hague in December, 1911 and January, 1912 and agreed upon the Convention which is now to be put into force. This legislation is to enable Canada to carry out fully the provisions of the Convention.. It is not as necessary for Canada to enact legislation as it is for some other countries because the Acts of 1908, of 1911 and of last session went a long way towards complying with the provisions of the Convention, but they did not fully carry out the Convention. As we are obligated to pass the necessary legislation within a year after the Convention goes into force, this resolution is introduced upon which will be founded a Bill to carry out the Convention.
So that the members of the House may appreciate just the reasons for the proposed legislation, may I draw attention to the terms of this Convention. By the way, it is of passing interest to note that the Convention to which we are now to give effect by legislation contains among the names of the parties to it those of several who have passed from the scene as rulers among the nations of the world. It indicates the remarkable changes politically which have taken place since this Convention was signed. Among the parties either to the Convention or who signed it are the Emperor of Germany, the Czar of all the Rus-sias, and the Emperor of China, while one of the parties who proposed to adhere to it but did not sign it was the Emperor of Austria. All these four emperors have gone. The Hohenzollern, Romanoff, Hapsburg and Manchu.dynasties have all passed away and republics have taken the places of their empires between the dates when this Convention was prepared and signed by some of the parties and the date when it actually comes into operation. The Treaty deals with raw opium, prepared opium, medicinal opium, morphine and cocaine, and special provisions are made with reference to each one. With reference to raw opiuiq, the contracting parties agree to enact effective laws or regulations for the control of the production and distribution of raw opium unless laws or regulations on the subject are already in existance.
In article 2 they provide:
Due regard being had to the differences in their commercial conditions, the contracting Powers shall limit the number of towns, ports or other localities through which the export or import of raw opium shall be permitted.
That is the reason of the provision in the resolution authorizing regulations to be made covering this point. Then by article 3 it is provided:
The contracting Powers shall take measures
(a) To prevent the export of raw opium, to countries which shall have prohibited its entry, and 0b) To control the export of raw opium to countries which restrict its import.
Therefore the provision in the resolution, and in our Bill, controlling export. Article 4 declares:
The contracting Powers shall make regulations requiring that every package containing raw opium intended for export shall be marked
in such a way as to indicate its contents, provided that the consignment exceeds 5 kilo.
That explains the proiiision in the resolution and in the Bill to be founded upon it, which requires the marking of these packages. j 1 I
Nolw, article 5:
The contracting Powers shall not allow the import and export of raw opium except by duly authorized persons.
That explains the reason for the provision that licenses shall be taken out by those who are to import or to export. Then we come to the prepared opium.
Mr. McKENZIE r Before the minister leaves that point, might I ask whether there is anything on our statute hooks to prevent the shipment into this country, or through this country, of raw or prepared opium?
Subtopic: THE OPIUM AND DRUG ACT AMENDMENT.