It is not intended that this Government should establish a Labour Bureau in Ottawa, but it is intended to establish a clearing house in this city. There are various kinds cf labour bureaus. You have some national labour bureaus, provincial labour bureaus, municipal labour bureaus, private labour bureaus, and some philanthropic labour bureaus. No country so large territorally as Canada has established a national system of labour bureaus. Great Britain has done so, but ' in territorial extent Great Britain is small compared with Canada. New Zealand also has a labour bureau, but she is a very small country. No large country has undertaken to establish and maintain a national system of labour bureaus, and it was not considered advisable to do so here. In Canada, five of the nine provinces-Quebec, Ontario, Manitoba, Saskatchewan and British Columbia-have already legislated for the establishment of labour bureaus in the various provinces, Several of them have already established a great many labour bureaus. It was thought the provinces could more conveniently deal with these matters than the Dominion. My hon. friend will notice that this Act provides that agreements shall be entered into between the Federal Government and the provincial Government, setting forth the terms upon which they will be entitled to receive the sum due them under this section. We will provide for inspections, and so forth, in the agreement which will be something like the agreement that is made in agricultural matters between the Dominion Government and the provincial Governments-setting forth the conditions upon which they will be entitled to receive this money. In the province of Quebec already several labour bureaus have been esmb-lished at different points, namely, the cities of Quebec, Montreal, Sherbrooke, and two or three other places. In Ontario provision was made three or four years ago for the establishment of 'abour bureaus. They have already established them in all the large centres in Ontario like Toronto, OtfMr. Devlin.] . _ ' - l
tawa, Hamilton. London, Fort William, Port Arthur and St. Thomas. They are doing the very sort of work that my hon. friend suggests ought to be done. Special provisions are being carried out by several of the provinces. Alberta and Saskatchewan have established temporarily for war purposes, especially for the purpose of getting the men on the land, these labour exchanges at various points in their respective provinces. At its last session, the legislature of British Columbia passed an Act to provide for the establishment of these bureaus, and they aTe proceeding to establish them right away. We expect to get from the clearing houses in the several provinces a weekly statement of labour conditions throughout each province at the different points, so that we will have, every week, in the clearing house in Ottawa a bird's eye view of the whole labour situation of Canada. It would be a herculean task for this Government to undertake to establish a labour bureau in each town and city in 'Canada, as five provinces have already legislated in that direction, it was not thought wise for us to attempt to establish a new system to conflict with that.