oleomargarine. I find, for instance, that [DOT]the board of health of the city of Toronto placed a recommendation before their city council, and which was in turn placed before the Government, that the importation into Canada, and the manufacture in Canada, of oleomargarine should be permitted. We find, too, that the civic authorities in Montreal made a similar request of the Government. We have also a resolution that was presented to the Government by the Anti-tuberculosis Association of Ottawa, which is as follows:-
Whereas the war is emphasizing more and more the need of increasing our efforts against the ravages of tuberculosis; and
Whereas the statistics from France, Belgium, Germany and other European countries show an alarming increase in the number of civilians suffering from tuberculosis, due in a large measure, to the lack of nourishing food ; and
Whereas animal fats are essential to the healthy growth of our Canadian boys and girls; and
Whereas the present price of butter is practically prohibitive ;
Resolved, the Ottawa Anti-tuberculosis Association hereby respectfully recommends that everything be done by our Government to make it possible for our people to psrchase nourishing food at reasonable rates, and as one step toward this much-to-be-desired end, that the Government should forthwith remove the ban upon the importation, manufacture and sale of Oleomargarine.
It is further resolved that a copy of this resolution be sent at once to the Honourable the Minister of Agriculture.
I might say, Mr. Speaker, that the decision to modify the regulations governing the- importation and manufacture of oleomargarine had been reached before I became a member of the Government. Immediately after that the regulations were drafted, and the regulations that are to-day in effect were prepared practically by the Dairy Commissioner in the Department of Agriculture. Any person who knows the Dairy Commissioner is quite aware of this fact, that the dairy industry in Canada has a splendid champion in him. And he was very careful to draft these regulations so as to conserve and protect the dairy industry to the very greatest degree possible.
Now, I want to draw attention to the fact that' the Order in Council with regard to oleomargarine sets out that it is to be regarded as a war measure. In the preamble we find these words:
Such regulations to be in force and to have effect for the period during which the present abnormal conditions continue, the conclusion of such period to be determined by His Excellency the- Governor General in Council, as provided in the said regulations, and as a war measure only.
The regulations were drafted with a great deal of care. I do not pretend for a moment that they are perfect, nevertheless, 1 do think that they afford a very fair measure of protection to the dairy industry in Canada. The statement was made, I believe, by the hon. member for East Lambton (Mr. Armstrong), who introduced the resolution, that the demand for the removal of these restrictions had emanated largely from people in Canada who desired to manufacture this article and offer it for sale. Well, if such is the case, they have not, so far, taken very great advantage of the opportunity that was presented to them, for up to the present time only two licenses have been issued for the manufacture of oleomargarine in Canada, I believe there are two other concerns equipping their premises to conform to the requirements of the law relating to this manufacture. But I venture to say that there will not be any great number of manufacturers in Canada engage in this business, and, I believe, for the reason that they realize that it is a war measure, and that there is no assurance of permanency in it.