Condensed Milk . . 15,858,622
* Pounds. 174,000,000 3,709,392 30,000,000
This merely goes to show the enormous development and possibilities of this industry. The people have not a proper conception of the large capital involved in this industry. The dairymen have increased Canada's production of cheese by 45,000,000 pounds per year isince the war broke out. In 1917 the cheese commission handled for export 1,860,237 boxes of cheese, or 155,662,463 pounds. The cheese crop exported through the regular channels before the cheese commission began operations amounted to 123,909 boxes weighing 10,656,174 pounds. There are 15,000 boxes yet to be delivered, making a total exportable surplus for the year 1917 of about 2,000,000 boxes, or 172,620,000 pounds of cheese valued at $37,544,850, an increase of over $4,000,000 as compared with 1916. These figures cover only the cheese shipped to the United Kingdom; shipments to other countries amount to over 1,000,000 pounds. In addition to this the amount of consumption has greatly increased. In 1914 our exports amounted to 135,000,000 pounds, while to-day the export is 180,000,000 pounds, or an increase of 45,000,000 pounds over 1914.
I am giving these figures to show that the farmers have increased their production of these commodities, and that they have improved the standard of our dairy products very materially. The present price of cheese in Canada is surely very low when you take into consideration the fact that the products the farmer feeds to his cattle have doubled in price, that the price of cattle has more than doubled, and that labour cost has very materially increased. In addition to that, all the other expenses connected with the development of the industry have materially advanced. Cheese at the price at which it sells to-day is perhaps one of the cheapest food products you can find on the market. The dairymen of Canada have practically control of the cheese market of the United Kingdom. They have had control of this market for many years. They have been assisted year after year to develop their industry and to bring it up to the greatest possible perfection in order that they might be able to create a profitable market abroad. Are we justified in doing anything to retard its development? I do not think we are.
Then, let us consider the butter industry. The total production of creamery butter in 1916 was 82,534,130 pounds, valued 'alt $26,966,355, and the production of home made butter was 137,110,200 pounds, or 68 per cent of the total butter
production of 201,808,365 pounds. At fifty cents a pound this production has a value of $100,904,182.50. The price of fifty cents a pound has been criticised to some extent, it is true, but if the people of Canada will take into consideration the increased expenses in connection with the manufacture of butter, I am sure they will not consider the price very greatly in excess of what it ought to be. In 1900 we only produced 36,667,739 pounds of creamery butter, while in 1916 we produced 82.564,130 pounds. We exported to the United Kingdom in 1916, 7,121,468 pounds of butter. Previous to the war we imported enormous quantities of butter from Australia and New Zealand to supply our demand.
Now, within the last few years we are not only able to supply the amount required in Canada, but we have been able to expofit over 7,000,000 pounds of butter. The Minister of Agriculture remembers, no doubt, that not many years ago we were exporting butter to the north' west provinces from the eastern provinces. Now, things have changed, and butter is coming to the eastern provinces from the West, and is sent out to the markets of the world in enormous quantities, increasing in volume year after year. The statistics of the Trade and Commerce Department for February 1S16, page 34, give the value of milch cows at $274,081,(XX); and of other cattle at $270,595,000, making a total value of over $544,000,000. The increase in value of milch cows in three years is estimated at $76,000,000; the increase in the value of " other cattle " is given at $66,000,000; or a total increase of $142,000,000. The estimated number of milch cows in Canada is 2,666,846. We have 993 creameries in Canada, and 1,813 cheese factories, also 624 combined factories, making a total of 3,430. The patrons of these factories total 221,190. That means 221,000 families, or over one million people, engaged in the dairy business in Canada, with their cattle, bams, implements, cheese and 'butter factories, and all the appliances used in the operation of this industry. The Canadian exports of butter in February of this year, as compared with February, 1917, had increased from 50,000 pounds to 400,000 pounds; of cheese from 3,600,000 pounds to about 5,000,000 pounds; of eggs from 95,000 dozens to 134,000 dozens; of beef, from 1,500,000 pounds to 10,500,000 pounds; of bacon and ham. from 15,600,000 pounds to 16,150,000 pounds.
I quote these figures to show 4 p.m. the enormous development of the agricultural industry along