April 2, 1918

L LIB

Daniel Duncan McKenzie

Laurier Liberal

Mr. McKENZIE:

I concede the superior knowledge of my hon. friend as to these dates, but at the same time there seems to be no principle in this. Bill. A foreigner can come to Ontario, and Ibuy land and there is nothing in. our jurisprudence to prevent it. He .can Ibuy a farm, put his deed on record, and he owns it; hut his brother, who comes from- the .same country and who has in every particular the same qualifications, 'cannot get land in the Northwest.

Topic:   DOMINION LANDS ACT AMENDMENT.
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UNION

Arthur Meighen (Minister of the Interior; Superintendent-General of Indian Affairs)

Unionist

Mr. MEIGHEN:

He can ibuy land., but he cannot get a free homestead.

Topic:   DOMINION LANDS ACT AMENDMENT.
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L LIB

PRIVATE BILLS.


SECOND READiINIGS. Bill No. 6, respecting The Burrard Inlet Tunnel and Bridge Company.-Mr. Stevens. Bill No. 7, respecting The Canadian Indemnity Company.-Mr. Allan. Bill No. 8, respecting The Cosmos Cotton Company.-Mr. Spinney. Bill No. 9, respecting Fraser Lumber Company, Limited, and Fraser Companies, Limited.-Mr. Elkin. Bill No. 22, respecting The Canadian Society of Civil Engineers and to change its name to " The Engineering Institute of Canada."-Sir Herbert Ames. Bill No. 23, to incorporate Merchants Casualty Company.-Mr. Andrews. Bill No. 24, respecting The Montreal, Ottawa and Georgian Bay Canal Company. -Mr. Fripp.


DOMINION LANDS ACT AMENDMENT.


House again in Committee on Bill No. 5, to amend The Dominion Lands Act, Mr. Boivin in the Chair.


L LIB

Jacques Bureau

Laurier Liberal

Mr. BUREAU:

I do not think all the paragraphs have been read. With reference to paragraph (e) of section 6, dealing with an alien female infant who has been granted entry for a homestead, and who is prevented from becoming a British subject by the provisions of the Naturalization Act of 1914, I would like the minister to give me a concrete example of such a case."

Topic:   DOMINION LANDS ACT AMENDMENT.
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UNION

Arthur Meighen (Minister of the Interior; Superintendent-General of Indian Affairs)

Unionist

Mr. MEIGHEN:

Take, for instance, the case of a woman who complies with the conditions enabling her to get entry and who marries an alien. She is not empowered under the provisions of the Naturalization Act to naturalize, consequently she could not qualify to get her patent at all unless this provision was inserted.

Topic:   DOMINION LANDS ACT AMENDMENT.
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Section agreed to. On section 7-Area of cultivation may be reduced.


L LIB

Jacques Bureau

Laurier Liberal

Mr. BUREAU:

Under the old Act the power to state the area of cultivation required was a matter for the Governor in Council, whilst this amendment brings it directly under the jurisdiction of the minister. Is there any particular reason why the change should be made?

Topic:   DOMINION LANDS ACT AMENDMENT.
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UNION

Arthur Meighen (Minister of the Interior; Superintendent-General of Indian Affairs)

Unionist

Mr. MEIGHEN:

Linder the former law, in case of pre-emption as distinguished from cases of homesteads, the whole township had to be declared of the character set out here in order to enable any pre-emptor to have his cultivation reduced. In that case, one-half of the township might be incapable of having the requisite duties performed on any quarter-section, and the other half might be just the other way. Indeed, you might have a case in which the law could be applied to one-half of the section and not to the other half. The first object of this amendment, there-

fore, is to permit a distinction between one pre-emption and another pre-emption, not between one township and another township. That being the case, it becomes desirable that the necessity for an Order in Council should be dispensed with. The recommendations are made on the report of the homestead inspector in each case, and I do not see any value in the intervention of the Governor in Council. In other instances also the necessity for Order in Council is being dispensed with. The time of Council has been taken up with the reading of Orders in which members of Council do not take any interest, and which of necessity must be a matter of administration, to be left to the responsible minister.

Topic:   DOMINION LANDS ACT AMENDMENT.
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L LIB

Jacques Bureau

Laurier Liberal

Mr. BUREAU:

In the official Gazette I often see recommendations by the minister to extend the time of a man's residence on a homestead and the like.

Topic:   DOMINION LANDS ACT AMENDMENT.
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UNION

Arthur Meighen (Minister of the Interior; Superintendent-General of Indian Affairs)

Unionist

Mr. MEIGHEN:

That would be in the case of a homesteader. The Order in Council would set out that that particular homesteader was relieved of his duty, but in the case of a pre-emptor the power was given to place townships, not single preemptions, in that category.

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L LIB

Jacques Bureau

Laurier Liberal

Mr. BUREAU:

The publishing of those Orders in Council in the Gazette must serve as an official report available to the public, and also as a precedent in the case of further applications of a like nature being made. Unless there is some objection other than that of taking Council's time in reading the recommendations, I do not see why this change should be made. Otherwise, there is no way of ascertaining what changes are made or what conditions are required by the minister.

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UNION

Arthur Meighen (Minister of the Interior; Superintendent-General of Indian Affairs)

Unionist

Air. MEIGHEN:

The regulations are

known to homesteaders who can easily secure copies of them, and who therefore 'know the conditions under which their cultivation duties may be reduced. I do not think the public generally are sufficiently interested in whether a certain homesteader has his ploughing duties reduced from thirty to twenty acres to warrant the publication of each Order in Council in the Gazette.

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L LIB
UNION

Arthur Meighen (Minister of the Interior; Superintendent-General of Indian Affairs)

Unionist

Air. MEIGHEN:

The settler is, but he knows it without reading the Gazette. I doubt if there is one settler in the whole West who takes the official Gazette.

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L LIB

Jacques Bureau

Laurier Liberal

Air. BUREAU:

If some one made an application to my bon. friend in the course

of his practice of law with regard to the reduction of cultivation duties, my horn, friend would probably refer to the Gazette.

Mr. IA1EIGHEN: If il were the practising lawyer 'I would go to the regulations and there find; the conditions under which my client was entitled to apply for a reduction of cultivation duties. The reduction would then be made, and my client would have .a letter from the department, stating that his area bad been reduced. That is all the authority he needs; I do not think that either the laywer or the entrant would look at the official Gazette.

Topic:   DOMINION LANDS ACT AMENDMENT.
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L LIB

April 2, 1918