Mr. MICHAEL CLARK:
Having produced the condition in the mind of the Minister that at least some of his arguments are wrong, I think I will leave what has been said in support of the Bill, and offer a little more briefly my objections. My first objection has been hinted at on the other side of the House, although I do not understand why the objection should have come from my hon. friend who used it, because 1 understand he is supporting the Bill. I do not think it is wise unduly to increase the numlber of war measures. In other words, I do not think it is wise, I think it is unwise, to increase, without a very definite benefit in vierw, the number of laws that have to be enforced, even in war time, because if we pass a Bill we are going to enforce it. That, I think, will appeal to any citizen of a democratic country, and I am bound to repeat that the arguments by which this measure has /been supported in this House this afternoon certainly did not seem to me to make the change so assuredly beneficial as that we should add it to the list of these war-time measures or measures partaking almost of the nature of autocracy. One can understand the ease with which such a measure can be introduced in Germany, but I do not think we should unwisely increase the number of such measures in this country.
My second objection is a moral objection. I believe that early rising is a virtue. There are differences of opinion about that. The most distinguished opponent of that view is the famous British literary essayist, the beautiful writer, Charles Lamb, who demonstrated, of course, with all his particular wit and ability, the follies of rising in the morning; but I believe early rising is a virtue, and if gentlemen differ on the subject, that is another argument against the passage of the Bill. Clearly, if there be acute difference of opinion in regard to early rising, then we should let people lie in bed if they want to do so-governments should, in any event. But if it is a virtue to get up early or to go to bed late, that is a question that on the whole men and women would do well to settle for themselves. My hon. friend from Frontenac (Mr. Edwards) does not nave much use for the old proverb: " Early to bed, early to rise, makes a man healthy, wealthy and wise." I am pretty certain about the health; I am pretty certain about the wisdom, for many of the men who have got very wise have read much, and read early in the morning. And about the wealth, if early rising does
not lead to a quantity of wealth, in the case of the farmer-and here I am sure may hon. friend from Frontenac will not disagree with me-it is welbgotten wealth anyway, and I would rather have one well-gotten dollar than ten ibadly-gotten dollars. Therefore, there is very much to he said for the statement that a dollar made in the early hours of the day is worth ten dollars made at a later hour. But my point is this: that unless there is some good and solid reason for this change, it is a matter that ought to be left to be settled by 'the individual, whether it be a moral practice to rise early in the morning or not.
My third objection is one that has not been taken any notice of, so far as I know, during the debate, and I have listened to the discussion with extreme care. In Great Britain and Ireland there is one time, Greenwich time, that applies to the whole country. You have the same thing in France and in Germany. In this country we have a great deal of difficulty, owing to the size of the country, to adapt ourselves to the operations of the sun. As every hon. gentleman in this House knows, we have to change our Clocks to a certain extent now so as to get on reasonable terms with the sun. We have to divide our country into sections. The practical difficulties of that are great enough, but this Bill, so far as I can understand it, proposes to make the difficulty greater by altering the time still further an hour as between the clock and the sun. What will be the effect of that? I do not know whether this question has been argued in the House of Representatives where they seemed to carry the Bill so easily. At the eastern edge of each section, people are rising one hour before the sun's time now.