privilege of citizenship, the franchise, while opposing or shirking the duty of serving; and the manhood of the country, making, on enlistment, personal sacrifices which in many cases bear severely on their dependents, would be freed from the worry of the thought that the gratification of their desire for .service h)ad left ibheir mothers and sisters, or their wives and children, under conditions less favourable than those of their acquaintance who disregarded the call of duty when it came to them. I would give opportunity to those Who had not the privilege of personal service to compensate themselves by making the most generous provision possible for the dependents of soldiers serving in the field or who have answered the last roll-call, as well as those who return to us unfitted for ordinary pursuits. I am pleased that the subject of more adequate pensions has been introduced, since, though the Canadian scale is comparatively liberal, it was not made for conditions such as those of this war, where the magnitude of the numbers engaged makes it idle to expect that the ordinary offices of philanthrophy in the several communities can provide for any deficiency in the scale for the dependents of disabled or returned invalided soldiers. So that the mind of the volunteers should be set at ease, I think it most advisable that authoritative announcement that steps to increase the pension scale should be made as early as possible.
In following Imperial example and seeking an extension of the life of Parliament, in my opinion the Government interpret properly the will of the Canadian people. How can we be united in the preparation for warfare .and in every patriotic endeavour at home while the desire to secure party supremacy is allowed sway; and when, an election being supposed to be imminent, our citizens are armed to the teeth politically, each watching with jealousy the movements of every rival? But of what avail is an .armistice in the matter of an actual ballot if the campaign is not interrupted? Thaf is the German idea, as I see it, of an armistice to bury the dead, used for the purpose of placing the big guns in better positions.
Observations of some hon. gentlemen opposite while this debate has been in progress make the situation well capable of illustration by picturing the members of this House *as invited to an entertainment, say to promote recruiting or to enlarge the Patriotic Fund, to which some of the members who addressed this House recently would proEDITION
ceed in a spirit anything but philanthropic. For example, there is the hon. member for Cape Breton North (Mr. McKenzie), who, I am sorry to see is not in his seat. I can very well picture him on the approach to this gathering arguing that the motor cars bearing the guests were not coming along what he considered the proper road, and as resenting this I can conceive him strewing tacks along the way of these erring motors. Then, take the hon. member for St. John city (Mr. Pugsley), and I have in my mind's eye his progress along the pavement from the street to the meeting place, having distributed along the walk a collection of banana peels, and then standing at the door and watching the downfall of the unwary guests, but offering an urbane welcome to those who bad escaped the pitfalls. Then there is the hon. member for Pictou (Mr. Macdonald), who also is absent. After listening carefully to his address the other night, I saw in my mind's eye his early and furtive entry into the tea-room and his carefully anointing with vinegar the jugs of cream. I pictured next another absent critic of the Administration, the hon. member for Carleton, N.B., (Mr. Carvell) whose role, it seems to me, would be having asked permission to dry a small bundle of hay in one of the stoves on the premises, to mix with the bay a noxious perfume in order that he might make his influence felt on the olfactory nerves of his audience, if he could not impress them by any other means. It seems to me that the result of the various performances of these absent critics would do anything but make for the peace and harmony of a patriotic gathering. Under these circumstances' the threat, if it were threat-the promise, or sinister suggestion, whichever it was-of the hon. member for Carleton, that Canadians, because of his criticism and the criticism of those like him, should refrain either from enlisting or from subscribing to the Patriotic Fund, would be very likely to receive some attention.
The cream of the present campaign undoubtedly had been [DOT] the efficiency and the overwhelming superiority of the navy. Yet the hon/ member for Pictou. puts this to the acid touch of his complaint that Canada has neglected to gild the refined gold in that she has not offered what he thinks should have been the" proper assistance to the Imperial Navy in the shape of strengthening their naval brigade. I will deal with his remarks practically in so far only as they affect conditions on the
Pacific Coast, although he had a good deal to say about conditions at Halifax also. Take first the steamship Rainbow, the protection bequeathed to us by the late Government. The hon. gentleman informed this House that that ship was dismantled and useless at the beginning of the campaign. But on the contrary, so reckless was the hon. gentleman in his assertions and so little care did he take to have ground for the criticism that he levelled against the Government, that the fact is quite the opposite. At the opening of the war the Rainbow was in full commission. In the spring of 1914, Canada had undertaken to send a ship to the Behring Sea Patrol to replace the Algerine and the Shearwater of the Imperial Navy, which were detained on the Mexican coast by the trouble arising in that country. The Rainbow was fitted for this service, and was prepared to leave when war broke out. The ship was immediately placed at the disposal of the Admiralty, and -has been at such disposal ever since. The -complement of the Rainbow was completed by the addition of a numbeT of Royal Nav-al Canadian Volunteer Reserve ratings who had been training at Esquimalt, and the ship put to sea immediately to protect the Canadian coasts. A report in British Columbia at the time which caused great apprehension, was to the effect that the German -ships Leipzig and Numb erg wer e off the American coast. The Rainbow went south to meet these ships, and, by so doing, enabled the little Imperial -ships Shearwater and Algerine to regain Esquimalt in safety; and also deterred the German vessels from entering the Canadian harbours without, at least -a serious conflict.
The hon. gentleman also complains of inattention on the part of this Government to requests from British Columbia for the -formation locally of a branch of the Royal Naval Reserve. In this case also he is mistaken.
During the year before the war the question of the organization of naval reserves was taken up by the Department of the Naval Service. In the fall of 1913,
authority was given to organize a company in Victoria, B.C., in a preliminary manner, and facilities were given for drilling in the Esquimalt dbckyard, the direction of the movement being undertaken by the naval officers at that station. During the winter of 1913-14, a -scheme for organization was drawn up, which was put into effect by Order in Council. In the spring
of 1914 arrangements were made with the Admiralty to obtain officers for the training of a corps of volunteers to be distributed throughout the country.
5 p.m. -A company was organized in Victoria and another in Vancouver, and the organization was being perfected when war broke out. The Admiralty stated that they were unable to send out the officers who were to have undertaken the training of these bodies. It was, therefore, necessary to postpone the projected organization, but the measures which were authorized were utilized for the purpose of enlisting volunteers to serve for the period of the war on the Niobe and Rainbow, to man patrol vessels and to take part in other defensive measures on the coasts of Canada. These men have been extremely useful and ' have done good service-service which has been recognized by the Imperial officers wjio have been associated with those two vessels since the outbreak ef the war. While the German vessels were patrolling the Pacific, some 450 men were enlisted in the province of British Columbia and were divided into various patrol services along the coast. After Admiral Sturdee's victory at the Falkland islands, it was no longer necessary to keep such a large number of the volunteers on service, and all. men wishing to join overseas forces were allowed to resign, and a number of other men who wished to rejoin their families were also allowed to leave the force. A number of these volunteers are still serving on the Rainbow, the Shearwater and the submarines, and employed on patrol and other duties as well.
The hon. member for Piotou seems to be under a misapprehension as to the requirements, if not the functions, of the Royal naval brigade. At the beginning of the war the Admiralty called out the Royal naval reserves, composed of men engaged in mercantile marine, but trained to a certain extent in the Royal Navy. When these men responded to the call, the Admiralty found themselves with a large body of trained seamen, from which they manned the ships ready to put to sea, and still had a considerable number of men over. The naval brigade, thus organized, while formed of reserve seamen, was partly officered [DOT] by naval officers and partly by army officers. The men were trained as a military unit and given the uniform of the land forces; they were armed and equipped in exactly the same way as the infantry regiments, and took
their places in the trenches alongside of the latter. The point of this is that as Canada was already sending land forces in quite as large number as the Imperial Government could handle, it made no difference to that Government whether we sent those forces under the name of a navaJl. .brigade, a® the hon. member for Pictou suggests we should have done, or whether we enrolled them as infantry and sent them over under the name, as well as to perform the duties, of land forces.
A feature of the early part of this debate was the submarine warfare of the hon. member for St. John city (Mr. Pugsley) who, when taken to task from this side of the House, excused himself on the ground that his periscope was the press of Vancouver and Victoria. I am sorry the hon. gentleman is not present, because I would have liked in his presence to remove from him the last vestige of protection or excuse for having, with the product of the peculiar state of mental exaltation in which he must have been on his visit to the coast, given so inadequate and distorted a report of what he learned from his perusal of the press of Victoria and Vancouver. Since the hon. gentleman spoke in this House, I have been looking up the press of Victoria and Vancouver to which he had access, and which, he says, he carefully perused. I find that that press contradicts him in every particular, that there is no manner of complaint that he has alleged here and that is dealt with by the evidence as read by the Solicitor General, which was not adequately covered by the press of Victoria and Vancouver at that time; and that there are no facts which, to a man with any interest in the subject, would not have been disclosed by the perusal of that evidence. I find a statement by the hon. gentleman, for instance, that there was no explanation o,f the division of the submarine money into three drafts. On the contrary, we read in the newspapers an exact explanation, first by the manager of the bank as to the nature and amounts of the drafts; next by Mr. Paterson, the agent of the Company, as to why those divisions were made, and as to what disposition was made of each dra„ft. Further, I find that the receipts from the recipients of those drafts, showing the purpose of them, were produced before the Commission, and are on file with the other documents.
I find in the statement made by the hon. member for St. John the reiteration that he was justified in supposing that Captain Logan should have known something about