state or county money should be paid to aliens. Among others, I have been teaching here since 190G, and no cognizance was taken of the law. In fact, no one seemed to know of it. It seems that this year the city of Bakersfield found out about the law and asked the Attorney General for a ruling on the subject. He said that the law was plain that no money should be paid to aliens, nor should contracts be made with them. But they had made a contract with me to teach until the end of May, knowing I was a Canadian and not naturalized. Yet this week the county office here notified me that they would not pay me for work performed since February 20th, and have held up my warrant for the whole month.
If this affected me only I would perhaps have not said anything, but it affects about 1,500 people in the state, a large majority of whom are Canadians. It also affects 28 full professors in the State University, among whom are Professors Henry Morse Stevens and Gayley, Both British.
A declaration of intention to naturalize is not sufficient, and it takes two years to obtain final papers. We fear that it is the right of California to make what laws she pleases against aliens.
The Legislature meets March 8, and it should be a simple matter to pass a relief bill covering past actions and to the end of this school year. If pressure is brought to bear, this will be done. It will be hard enough on me not to be able to teach here again, as I have done it so long it is almost impossible for me to do anything else, especially since San Francisco is so congested with visitors; but the worst part for me is that I have bought property on which I have been paying taxes for three years and which has been purchased on the contract plan. If I cannot teach I shall not be able to pay these monthly instalments as they come due, and as time is the essence of these contracts I shall probably lose what I have worked so many years to make. It does seem to me that the Canadian Government ought to remonstrate and by so doing help to protect the contract rights of its citizens in a foreign country.
Will you get our member to do what he can to interest the Government on behalf of these citizens and greatly oblige?
I have before me the laws of the state of California referred to by Miss Short. I quote from Act No. 127 of 1901:
1. No person, except a native-born or naturalized citizen of the United States, shall be employed in any department of the state, county, city and county, or incorporated city or town government in this state.
2. It shall be unlawful for any person, whether elected, appointed or commissioned to fill any office in either the state, county, city and county, or incorporated city or town government of this state, or in any department thereof, to appoint or employ any person to perform any duties whatever, except such person be a native-born or naturalized citizen of the United States.
3. No money shall be paid out of the state treasury, or out of the treasury of any county, or city and county, or incorporated city or town, to any person employed in any of the offices mentioned in section two of this Act, except such person shall be a native-born or naturalized citizen of the United States.
If the officials of any state, county, town or village, disregard the laws of their country, why should the innocent suffer? I have a letter from Mr. J. Norman Dean, of Havelock Court, Havelock and College streets, Toronto, written on March 16, in which Mr. Dean says;
I notice by a press despatch from Ottawa under date of March 15 that you are laying the case of Canadian teachers in California before the House of Commons.
I would respectfully call your attention to the fact that on June 20, 1914, my employment as statistician of the Industrial Accident Commission of the state of California was terminated by virtue of this law. Whatever possible objection there can be to Canadians being employed in California municipal or state service, evidently lies behind this law.
Needless to say it is about time that a protest was made on behalf of Canadians in the same position.
It is also interesting to note that the writer was refused the opportunity of applying for a school certificate in the state of California and that many of the Canadians -in California are in the same position.
I note in the Ottawa Journal of the 16th an item:
Officials in the university of California denied yesterday the charge made by Wm. Gray, member of the Canadian Parliament, that 28 professors and instructors in the university were unable to receive their salaries because they were not American citizens.
I just wish to say that this is a quibble arising out of section 3 whereby no moneys are to be paid out of the State Treasury, and university employees are not paid out of the state fund but out of the specific fund denoted as the university fund.
In conclusion I have to say that if the United States are, as we believe, a Christian and civilized nation, when this gloss injustice being done to our fellow countrymen is put before the proper authorities the matter will, I believe, be speedily adjusted and the jug handled Act wiped off the statute book.