June 8, 1914

ASIATIC IMMIGRATION.


Mr. H. H. STEVENS (Vancouver) moved for leave to introduce Bill No. 227, to amend, the Immigration Act. He said: The House and the country are well aware of the difficulties which we have been encountering for a number of years past in dealing with immigration from the continent of Asia. At the present time we have three methods of dealing with this question. Japanese immigration is controlled by an amicable arrangement between the two governments; 'Chinese immigration is subject to a head tax of $500, and Hindu immigration comes under an Order in Council which provides that immigrants can only come by direct route to this country. This provision has for some time more or less effectively stopped this immigration. However, there has /been a great real of dissatisfaction. It has been recognized that the regulations now in force are more or less of a temporary character, and there is a general demand throughout the country, especially in the province from which I come, that the Dominion Government shall take some definite and final action towards the regulation and restriction of Asiatic immigration. The objections to exclusive regulations are based largely upon the desire of this Government, and the people of Canada as a whole, not to do anything which might offend the dignity of other peoples by specifying exclusion. In this sentiment I heartily concur, but it appears to me, and I think the events of recent years, especially those of the last month or so, have amply demonstrated that this is a case where we have to choose between two evils. One is the possibility of causing some slight offence to these people from across the seas, and the other is unrestricted Asiatic immigration into this country. We cannot go on with the temporary expedients which have been in force for the last few years. There are other reasons why more stringent immigration regulations have not, up to this time, been adopted. For instance, there is the imperial reason, and it is one which is of very great importance, but in that regard I would like to point out a principle which I think we should hold more dearly than any other principle of government, and that is that we, the people of the Dominion, or the people of any of the overseas dominions, or, to to control immigration into this country, have a right to control the immigration into their own country. I base my proposal on the principle that it is our right to control immigration into this country. We axe not bound to extend the privileges of our country to every one who cares to come. It is not a right on the part of immigrants to enter this country, but it is our right to restrict *whatever immigration we desire. For this position I have a very high authority. Lord Curzon, in discussing the Hindu immigration problem, has declared that: The common rights of British citizenship cannot be held to override the rights of self-protection conferred on a self-governing colony. That is exactly where I stand. I urge upon Parliament and upon the Government to take a firm stand upon that principle. Now-


?

Some hon. MEMBERS:

Order.

Topic:   ASIATIC IMMIGRATION.
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CON

Thomas Simpson Sproule (Speaker of the House of Commons)

Conservative (1867-1942)

Mr. SPEAKER:

Order; I am afraid that the hon. member is rather going beyond what is permissible, that is, merely to explain the principle of the Bill.

utr.17

Topic:   ASIATIC IMMIGRATION.
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CON

Henry Herbert Stevens

Conservative (1867-1942)

Mr. STEVENS:

I am simply offering this explanation to the House, as a reason for the introduction of this Bill. The Bill provides for an amendment to section 3 of the Immigration Act, which is the clause under which we exclude certain classes of people, for instance, the physically unfit, etc. I purpose by this Bill to add a clause to section 3 of the Immigration Act, which will exclude all natives and naturalized citizens of countries in Asia, south of the 50th parallel of north latitude, provided, however, that this clause shall not apply to any country the government of which has a specific arrangement with the Government of Canada. In other words, we fix the principle of excluding immigrants from Asia, but if the Government of a country in Asia wishes to enter into an arrangement with our Government in order to protect their national dignity, we leave the door open for them to do so.

I urge this Bill upon the attention of the Government, and if possible I should like to see it passed this session. Possibly there may have to be representations made to the Home authorities with respect to it, and if it should be found consequently impossible to pass it this session, then I urge upon the Government that they should make strong recommendations to the Home authorities, with regard to this very important matter, so that this Bill may pass at the next session.

Topic:   ASIATIC IMMIGRATION.
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LIB

Wilfrid Laurier (Leader of the Official Opposition)

Liberal

Sir WILFRID LAURIER:

My hon. friend has introduced this Bill when, as everybody knows, we are so near prorogation that it is expected we shall be able to finish all the business before us within the present week. The hon. gentleman is aware that, even if we had a month or six weeks still remaining of the session, it would be impossible to press this Bill through. The Bill, of course, cannot be taken up at all without the consent of the Government, and it would be interesting to know whether the Government intends to adopt this Bill and to support its passage.

Topic:   ASIATIC IMMIGRATION.
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CON

Robert Laird Borden (Prime Minister; Secretary of State for External Affairs; President of the Privy Council)

Conservative (1867-1942)

Mr. BORDEN:

I was not aware of the terms of the Bill until my hon. friend (Mr. Stevens) told the House of them just now, nor was I aware of his intention to move to introduce the Bill. I was very much occupied with some other matters while my hon. friend was making his explanation, but I shall look it over in ' Hansard,' and give an answer later to the right hon. gentleman. -

Topic:   ASIATIC IMMIGRATION.
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LIB

Wilfrid Laurier (Leader of the Official Opposition)

Liberal

Sir WILFRID LAURIER:

You will keep considering it until Doomsday.

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Motion agreed to, and Bill read the first time.


QUESTIONS.


(Questions answered orally are indicated by an asterisk.)


LAST RAILWAY LAND GRANT.

LIB
CON

Charles Joseph Doherty (Minister of Justice and Attorney General of Canada)

Conservative (1867-1942)

Mr. DOHERTY:

So far as a careful

search by the departmental officers shows, the last statute passed by the Parliament of Canada authorizing a girant of land to a railway company is the National Transcontinental Railway Act, 3 Edward VII, chapter 71, section 14. 'See also section 46 of the agreement scheduled thereto. The above was a grant of land for right of way purposes. The Railway Lands Branch of the Department of the Interior report that the last statute passed by the Parliament of Canada authorizing a grant of land to a railway company by way of subsidy is chapter 6 of 57-58 Victoria, 1894.

By chapter 55, section 6, subsection c, Revised Statutes of Canada, the Governor in 'Council i3 authorized to make a free grant of land not exceeding in extent six thousand four hundred acres for each mile of railway within Manitoba, and not exceeding in extent twelve thousand eight hundred acres for each mile beyond the limits of Manitoba, in aid of the construction of a railway from some point on the Canadian Pacific railway to Hudson hay.

Topic:   QUESTIONS.
Subtopic:   LAST RAILWAY LAND GRANT.
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AGRICULTURAL AID IN SHERBROOKE.

LIB

Francis N. McCrea

Liberal

Mr. McCREA:

What was the total amount of money paid out in the county of Sherbrooke during the last fiscal year for agricultural purposes, to whom was it paid and how much to each person or society ?

Topic:   QUESTIONS.
Subtopic:   AGRICULTURAL AID IN SHERBROOKE.
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CON

Martin Burrell (Minister of Agriculture)

Conservative (1867-1942)

Mr. BURRELL:

J. H. M. Parker, Lennoxville, Quebec, $65; I. J. Parnell, Lennoxville, Quebec, $10.

These payments were in connection with the purchase of pure-bred rams for distribution to associations of farmers.

Field crop competitions held in August, September and October, 1913, paid to Sherbrooke Agricutural Society for the province of Quebec, $50.

Seed Fair held at Sherbrooke, February 10, 1914, paid to ISherbrooke Agricultural Society for the province of Quebec, $50.

Salary and travelling expenses of Mr. COMMONS

Carl Sweet, district representative for the English-speaking counties in the province of Quebec, with headquarters at Sherbrooke, $2,200.30.

The following payments have been made in connection with the purchase of the experimental station at Lennoxvile, Quebec: F. Campbell and E. W. Reid, $15,000; F. Campbell and W. H. Pearson, $12,000; F. Campbell and C. F. Carter, $2,300; F. Campbell and H. Bennett, $2,800; F. Campbell and W. J. Douglas, $3,750; F. Campbell and Ed. Reid, $5,000; R. W. Reid, $700; Ed. Reid and F. Campbell, $5,000; Graham Bros., $39.08; Robert Westgate & Son, $260; veterinary inspector, J. E. Beaudry, Sherbrooke, P.Q., salary, $1,400; C. White, Len-noxville, P.Q., salary, $100. Total expenditure, $50,724.38.

Topic:   QUESTIONS.
Subtopic:   AGRICULTURAL AID IN SHERBROOKE.
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GROSSE ISLE QUARANTINE STATION.

LIB

Mr. BOURASSA:

Liberal

1. Was Come Langlois, of Bienville, Lfrvis, captain of vessel at Grosse Isle, dismissed by the Government, or did he tender his resignation?

2. If dismissed, when and why?

3. If he resigned, what reasons were given by him for so doing?

4. By whom was he replaced?

Topic:   QUESTIONS.
Subtopic:   GROSSE ISLE QUARANTINE STATION.
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CON

Mr. BURRELL: (Minister of Agriculture)

Conservative (1867-1942)

1. Resigned.

2. Answered by No. 1.

3. Ill health.

4. The vacancy caused in the service by Captain Langlois' resignation was filled by the appointment of Depris Couillard.

Topic:   QUESTIONS.
Subtopic:   GROSSE ISLE QUARANTINE STATION.
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June 8, 1914