Main line from Port Dalhousie, Lake Ontario, to Port Colborne, Lake Erie.
Enlarged Old Line. or
Length of canal 27J miles. 26| miles.
Pairs of guard-gates (formerly 3) 2
Prs. guard-gates (lift).. 26 25'Number of locks (guard) 1 1
1 look 200 x 45 1 look 200 x 45 I 1 (tidal) 230 x 45 [ [DOT] [DOT] . 24 locks 150 x 45 J Total rise or lockage.... Depth of water on sills.. Construction commenced, Construction completed.. Enlargement commenced, Enlargement completed..
Enlarged Old Line. or
.. .. 270 feet x 45
326| feet. 326) feet. 10) feet. 14 feet. 10 ft. 3 in. 1824
14 ft 1872
Length of canal-
Port Robinson cut to river, Welland, 2,622 feet.
From the canal at Welland to the river, via lock at aqueduct, 300 feet.
Chippewa cut to River Niagara, 1,020 feet.
Number of locks-one at aqueduct and one at Port Robinson, 2.
' Dimensions of locks, 150 by 26) feet.
Total lockage from the canal at Welland down to River Welland, 10 feet.
Depth of water or sills, 9 feet 10 inches.
Grand River Feeder.
Length of canal, 21 miles.
Number of locks, 2.
Dimensions of locks, 1 of 150 by 26) feet, 1 of 200 by 45 feet.
Total rise or lockage, 7 to 8 feet.
Depth of water on sills, 9 feet.
Port Welland Branch.
been going on in connection with the Welland canal but more activity has been shown during the last two or three years; we have had special parties surveying in order to, if possible, find a route for a better and bigger canal, if it is deemed better to build a new canal than to deepen the old one. *
Now, at this point, I cannot define the policy of the government as to what is to be done on the Welland canal; or, rather, I am not in a position at the moment to indicate the time at which it will be done. That it must be done sooner or later, I think everybody in the Dominion of Canada will admit and it is of greater interest to no other people than to the people of western Canada that the Welland canal should be deepened so as to allow large vessels to go at least to the foot of Lake Ontario without breaking bulk. Three routes have been surveyed, and difficulties have been found in each one. I think that, especially for the benefit of members from that portion of Ontario, the House will bear with me, while I read briefly from the report made by Mr. Sullivan, one of the engineers in charge, who, by the way, is a son of our old friend, Senator Sullivan:
Length of canal, XI miles. [DOT]
Number of locks, t.
Dimension of lock, 185 feet by 45 feet.
Total rise or lockage, 7) feet.
Depth of water on sills, 11 feet.
The Welland canal has two entrances from Lake Ontario, at Port Dalhousie, one for the old, the other for the new canal.
From Port Dalhousie to Allanburg, Ilf miles, there are two distinct lines of canal in oi eration, the old line and the enlarged or new line.
From Allanburg to Port Colborne, a distance of 15 miles, there is only one channel, the old canal having been enlarged.
From the head of the Welland canal there is a deep water navigation through Lake Erie, the Detroit river. Lake St. Clair, the Sr. Clair river, Lake Huron and River St. Mary to the Sault canal, a distance of about 589 miles. From the Sault the distance through Lake Superior to Port Arthur is 266 miles, and to Duluth, 400 miles.
Amount spent in construction, $7,693,824.03-enlargement, $20,644,791.99; total, $28,338,616.02!
My reason for pointing out the difference in distance from the Sault to Fort William, Port Arthur and Duluth is that grain carrying vessels in the busy season desire to make all the trips they can and while a few miles by rail-haul can be overcome in a very brief space of time it is not so with ship carriage, and Port Arthur and Fort William have the advantage in allowing vessels to carry grain to and from these ports and make a greater number of trips during the season than they could make if they go all the way to Duiuth.
It may be of interest to point out to the House that for some years surveys have
On Route No. 1. Following the present canal from Port Colborne to about three miles below Welland, thence towards Fonthill and via the Twelve and Fifteen Mile creeks to Lake Ontario, extensive surveys had been made, and a good location accompanied by some not insurmountable difficulties obtained, when borings taken at the sites of two dams located on the Twelve Mile creek developed a heavy bed of quicksand underlying both foundations. Since Mr. Weller's report of October 8, 1910, a readjustment of the location of some of the locks was considered, with the object of utilizing a very probable site for a darn, which would have a less head acting oil it and which was located further down the creek. Borings taken at this point developed quicksand quite as extensive as at the original site. As the feasibility of this route depends very much upon the construction of these dams further borings are to be made in an effort of finding or exhausting the means of building them. These borings I expect to have started in a week or ten days.
Route No. 2 follows the present canal to Allanburg, thence along the level country west of Thorold to the escarpment, the descent of which would require locks in flight, thence to the old canal at St. Catharines and via it to Port Dalhousie. Some borings have been made at probable lock sites on this route with the result that in some cases rock was found at too great a depth to he used for a foundation, and at other points quicksand was developed. A personal examination of the conformation of the escarpment indicates difficulties in locating the flight of locks. However, it is intended later on to have a line run over this route which, with the information obtained from the borings, will demonstrate whether it is at all feasible.