The railways of Canada added last year to their equipment:
Passenger cars 138
*Freight cars 1,934
Company's cars 789
These additions brought up the available rolling stock to the following numbers:
Freight cars 119,713
Passenger cars 4,320
Now, the question of transportation is very important as regards the men who are working with their hands as well as with their heads in this work throughout the Dominion. It is customary, in discussing transportation problems, to refer to them as being the property of capitalists, and dominated by them. They are to a certain extent, but the development of our railways, the development of our waterways, is of vital interest to the men who find employment on these railways and on these waterways. Here are the figures: There were in the service of Canadian railways on June 30 last 123,768 employees, whose wage bill amounted to $67,167,703. In addition, there were 16,709 employees engaged in outside operations such as steamers and hotels, whose remuneration amounted to $5,169,923. The aggregate would therefore be 140,477 employees, with a total wage bill of $72,337,626. Assuming that each railway employee represents five persons, it is obvious that about one individual in 10 of our total population finds a livelihood from the railways of Canada.
Now, to put it briefly, these figures show I think these facts: The year 1910, measured by the increased volume of traffic measured by the earnings, economic administration, satisfactory maintenance, and swelling mileage, and measured by every proper standard, appears to have been the best year in the history of Canadian railways.
Now, leaving railways for a moment, I want to place on record the figures in connection with the canal traffic of the Dominion; because, discuss it as you may, increase our railway facilities as we must, one thing to my mind is absolutely necessary, and that is that Canada must not lag behind in keeping her waterway transportation as fully developed as possible. It is a curious coincidence, perhaps not so curious when you come to go into it in detail, that the greater the increase in railway traffic the greater the increase in canal Mr. GRAHAM _
and waterborne traffic. That arises from the fact that the volume of traffic is greater and that the regulating force of the waterways on .the rates of railways attracts traffic to those particular routes that are so governed. I would like to say, Mr. Speaker, that the way for Canada to secure and to keep for herself an ever-increasing trade is to be alert on the question, not only of railways, but the development of harbours and waterway transportation. Following is a statement of tons of freight passed through the various canals during the years 1909 and 1910:
1909. 1910. [DOT] Increase.
Sault Ste. Marie.27,861,245 36,395,687 8,534,442
2,025,951 2,326,290 300,399St. Lawrence.. .. 2,410,629 2,760,752 350,123Chambly
752,117 669,299 82,818Ottawa.' 336,939 385,261 48 822Rideau
91,774 134,881 43,107St. Peter's.... 79,850 85,951 6,101Murray
102,291 177,941 75,650Trent Valley.. .. 59,952 46,263 13,699St. Andrew's
8 283 8,283 -Total 33,720,748 42,990 603 9,269,8601901
Increase for 10 years.. .. 37,325,349 tons.
Equal to 660 per cent.
It will be observed that while the railway traffic increased 101 per cent the waterborne traffic through our canals increased 660 per cent. This emphasizes what I have said that Canada can keep her carrying trade and add to it if she is alert to the privileges that providence has placed in her way in developing the resources and waterways that we have.