There is some grain from Ontario, of course, and the increase is only $64,000,000.
I want to say a word or two with regard to the sheep industry to which my hon. friend has referred. It is very unfortunately true that the sheep industry in Canada is declining. That is a matter which has been worrying me for some years past, and I have devoted a good deal of the attention of the officers of my department to the subject. My hon. friend speaks of the decrease of the sheep industry in the west. It is true, there are fewer sheep in the western provinces than there were. My hon. friend knows that in the great province of Alberta the whole system of animal husbandry has been changed. He knows that about five or six years ago the whole southern part of that province and a part of southern Saskatchewan were devoted to ranching. He knows that the keeping of cattle in the ordinary sense, as understood in eastern Canada, was comparatively unknown in that western country; but there were great plains ranged over by herds of cattle, horses and sheep, and during that period a great stimulus was given to the animal industry of that country. Settlers, however, began to come in and take up locations, here, there and everywhere throughout that country, until to-day the point has been reached at which ranching, as understood in the old days, has ceased to exist. I do not mean to say that there is not still something of it. There are men who have large areas of grazing property on which they ranch. But the free grazing over the whole country, which enabled large herds of cattle, horses and sheep to be kept in the southern parts of those provinces, is practically at an end, and therefore the number of sheep is decreasing. This is due to two reasons-part-lv because the farmers have found that it is very difficult to keep sheep from the coyote, and partly because the sheep have
to have a large area to range over; and the farmers find that when they have to fence their animals in, they can do better work and make more money ont of other animals. The result is that the sheep industry is declining, so much so that to-day frozen mutton is brought from Australia and New Zealand to British Columbia, and I have been told also to Alberta.
Subtopic: CATTLE, SHEEP AND SWINE.