Total No. in Canada.
Contrast these figures with the number of cattle, sheep and swine in the United States :
Here are the figures for the Argentine Republic, which is not capable of feeding more stock than is Canada :
Then take the United Kingdom, an old country where one would think the land
would not sustain so many animals, and yet here are the figures :
Then, there is Australasia, a small country compared with Canada and these are the figures :
And, in the face of these figures we are told that in this favourable country of ours we are doing as well as we ought to in the cattle and sheep-raising industry. The figures for New Zealand are as follow :
Let us take the state of Montana and compare it with Alberta and I think those who know both territories would agree with me that the province of Alberta is capable of sustaining as many sheep and producing as much mutton and wool as the state of Montana, and yet, the wool clip of Montana last year was 45,000,000 pounds while the wool clip of Alberta which is larger than Montana was only 400,000 pounds. How can it be said in view of this that we have been progressive and enterprising in Canada along these lines?^ These figures show that there is something radically wrong in this country and that these industries have not been developing in comparison with the development of our other industries. I have before me a report, which no doubt the Minister of Agriculture has a copy of, on the desirability of establishing throughout the Dominion a complete system of meat chilling, packing and exporting. The report is the result of the labours of a commission appointed by the provinces of Alberta and Manitoba to inquire as to the difficulties against which farmers of the west had to contend, and to advise the government as to improving their position. I shall not take up much time in reading from this report, as there are others to speak after me, but I shall cite some extracts which will be interesting to the House and which will indicate what the troubles are against which the farmers of these provinces have to contend. There was a Beef Commission appointed and there was a Pork Commission as well, and I shall quote from the evidence of the Beef. Commission of Manitoba the following : .
' Many producers are reducing their herds while others are going out of stock raising altogether.'
In the report of the Beef Commission of Alberta in June and July, 1907, are to be found the following remarks which are in point :
We have made an exhaustive investigation of the meat industries of Alberta and we find that there is a universal complaint that it is not on a paying basis. We have heard the evidence of most of the large cattle raisers of the province, many of whom have come to be very familiar with exporting conditions and with the exception of one or two who are favourably situated, their evidence goes to show there is something seriously wrong. Almost without exception the small shipper has exported at a loss.