Mr. J. E. ARMSTRONG (East Lambton).
Mr. Sneaker, I feel satisfied that the present treaty will comnlicate our trade arrangements with other lands. I am glad and willing to support any trade arrangement that will bring to Canada better trade facilities and means whereby we can get our products to the markets of the world, but I am satisfied that the present treaty, as it grants to practically every important country in Europe, except Italy and Germany, advantages similar to those granted to France, there is no doubt in my mind that it will create all kinds of trade disturbances. ,
In granting to France this treaty it seems to me that instead of our writing across it the title ' Franco-Canadian Treaty,' we might as well have entitled it ' The Switzerland Treaty ' or the ' Austrian Treaty ' or the treaty with any of the European nations. j
I feel it my duty to place on ' Hansard ' some statistics in regard to the effect it is likely to have on the agricultural interests of Canada. The total exports ^to France from Canada last year were $3,176,000. The exports of foreign produce amounted to $834,000, so that the total Canadian produce exported to France amounted to only $2,340,000. In looking over the Trade and Navigation returns, I find the following items of export which are interesting from a farmer's standpoint: Our exports from Canada to France of the following items of agricultural produce were: Butter, none; cheese, $81; eggs, none; animals, none; meats, viz. bacon, $40; beef, none; hams, $144: mutton, none; pork, none; poultry, dressed or undressed, none; meats, all others, not otherwise specified, none; milk and cream, condensed or canned, none; wool; none; dried apples, $3,000; green apples, $2,000; barley, none; buckwheat, pone: Indian corn, none; oats, none; peas, $34,000; split peas, $3,000; rye, none; wheat, $105,000; other grain, none; bran, $6; flour of wheat, none; oatmeal, none; all other kinds of meal, none; hay, none; hops, none; clover seed, $730; flaxseed, none; grass seed, $1,120; all others, none; straw, none j trees, shrubs and plants, $2,500; vegetables, canned or preserved, $195; potatoes, none; turnips, none. It is quite an exception for Canada to export $105,000 worth of -wheat to France because France is a large producer of wheat herself. In normal years our exports to France in wheat are very small. France is really an exporting country in farm products. Taking all the products of the farm last year the exports to France amounted to only $150,000. And vet the Finance Minister practically admits that Canadian farm products will not go in under any more favourable conditions and are not more likely to be exported to France under the new treaty than thev were under the old. What you do by this treaty is to say to the steamship companies that you shall give them $200,000 per annum to trade with France directlv when practically all the products exported from our farms to France
last year amounted to only $150,000. Let us see how you are going to benefit our trade with France. The imports into Canada from France amount to about $10,000,000 and you can depend upon it that the French manufacturers will be able to ship goods into this country in much larger quantities than they have in the past. But, are . we Canadians getting any benefit from this treaty? Our exports of agricultural implements to France were as follows: Mowing machines, $184,000 worth: reapers, $62,000 worth; harvesters, $260,000; hay rakes, $4,000 worth; other manufactured agricultural implements, $194,000 worth; parts of agricultural implements, $44,000 worth; making in all $761,000 worth of agricultural implements that are being shipped by us into France. One other important item is canned lobsters and $990,000 worth of canned lobsters went into France last year. But with regard to canned lobsters the present treaty is the same as the old treaty so that our trade in that respect is not helped in anv degree. However, these two items of export make a total of $1,750,000. and if you deduct this from our general exports you can readily see what a small amount of exports we have in other lines. Now. Mr. Speaker, I believe that we should have a definite tariff policy with regard to all countries in the world. Look at the sad plight our trade is in with the German empire. Surely it is time for the government to wake up to the fact that the time has come when we should improve our trade relations with Germany, and yet when I mentioned Germany a short time ago the Prime Minister indulged in a hearty laugh.