No. of the French tariff products.
4. Oxen (1).
5. Cows (1).
6. Bulls (1).
7. Bullocks, steers and heiffers (1).
To the exclusion of animals in fat condition for butchering.
With regard to the system to be applied in order to ascertain what animals are to be subject to the minimum tariff and what to the general tariff the French government reserves to itself the right to follow the method of the percentage of neat meat or any other fair and equitable method, it being *well understood, that, in order to avoid any dispute between the importers and the French government, the condition of the animals, as to the matter in hand, shall be determined by duly sworn special agents of the ministry of agriculture, whose findings shall be final.
I beg to add that, in the unlikely event of experience founded on a series of well authenticated instances, demonstrating to our two governments that the method adopted by the French government is defective, the governments of Canada and France would jointly seek another modus operandi.
May I beg you kindly accept, Excellency, the assurance of my high esteen.
(Sgd.) J. RUATT,
The Minister of Agriculture.
So it was agreed that we should make this concession and that, rather than adopt at once the French system of percentage of neat meat, we should agree to leave the matter in the hands of the French government, accepting their assurance that it would be administered in good faith, and that, should any difference arise, we might.
rely on a friendly adjustment between the two nations. So far I have dealt with all that is in the treaty. The treaty itself contains only a few lines, and these letters annexed are to be read as part of it.
There is another point to which attention was drawn and which was dealt with, not in the treaty itself, but in a friendly correspondence. It touches the question of direct importation. In the main treaty, article 8 reads as follows:
To enjoy the benefits of the aforementioned tariff advantages, products originating in France, Algeria, the French colonies and possessions and the territories of the protectorate of Indo-China, shall be conveyed without transhipment from a port of those territories.
That is from a French port-or from a port of a territory enjoying the preferential tariff or intermediate tariff into a sea or river port of Canada.
The latter part of the clause corresponds exactly, in reversing the order, and provides that a Canadian product shall be conveyed for transhipment from a Canadian port or from a port in a country enjoying the French minimum tariff to a port in France. When the main treaty was under consideration, myJion. friend from Jacques Cartier (Mr. Monk) asked what interpretation we put on that clause, and my answer was to the effect that, in the absence of any qualifying or modifying words, where reference was made to a country enjoying the intermediate tariff or a country enjoying the preferential tariff, we thought it would be held to mean a country enjoying the whole of such tariff.