Actual cost of making ice in 8,000 ton house is therefor 71 cents. To this must be added the interest charges on outlay for ground and plant. Larger plants will work cheaper still, because a considerable saving can be made in the cost of building and wages.
Plant and machinery.-The Eaton process works entirely without chemicals or machinery. Nature alone does the work of freezing. An expensive plant, therefore, is unnecessary; only, houses to store the ice, with a water power attached to each for the treatment of the water, all built of 'the plainest materials. A 20.000 tons plant can be put up in this city lor about $10,000, and larger plants propor-tionably cheaper
Size of Canadian market.-According to carefully collected statistics, there are consumed annually in the city of Montreal, at least 500,000 tons of ice, and in Toronto double that quantity, while the joint consumption of the lesser cities may be put down at another '$500,000 tons, or at least 2,000,000 tons per annum, in Ontario, Quebec and the lower provinces. This is believed to be a very conservative estimate. Besides this local consumption, there is an unlimited Held for export . for if the city of Portland, Maine, can export 5,000,000 tons of ordinary >ice per season. ice which has to be brought 160 miles by rail, leaving 50 per cent of its substance in transit, there is manifestly no reason why St. Jrhi. and Halifax could not build up a large business by shipping Eaton ice made at the wharfs and losing only a paltry percentage by evaporation. Ordinary good ice sold during the hot season, commands as much as $20 per ton at New Orleans, and $12 to $15 per ton at St. Louis ; France and England, too, are ready to pay high prices for good ice.
Canadian company to work the Eaton process [DOT]-Mr. Eaton is the sole owner of the patents covering his process of making ice and handling water in Canada He has conveyed to the Union Ice Co., Canada, the sole right to use his process in the province of Ontar'o, Quebec, New Brunswick, Nova Scotia and Prince Edward Island for the full term of the life of the patents. He has undertaken also to give to this company the free uses of any further improvements which he may make in his process, for the above territory.
The capital of the Union Ice Company is $500,000 in 100,000 shares of the par value of $5 each, fully paid and non-assessable. If a suitable property can be acquired, and a
20,000 ton plant erected, which can he done easily In three or four weeks, so as to be ready for the first cold weather in January, the house ought to be filled with ice before January 1st. 'When this has been done, the local ice trade can be given an opportunity to examine into the quality of the ice, the working of the process, the cost of production, and their own chances of competing with a system which works far cheaper and more certainly than the river. There being no desire to interfere with their trade, they can be offered all the ice they want at a figure considerably below what they are. paying now ; the stock necessary to fill their contracts can he carried for them in the company's houses until delivery time, and thus they will be saved the large outlay in cash for sawing, carting and packing, which they now must lace every winter. If they decide to act thus as distributors of ice only, they will be able to get along without their icehouses and may realize upon their real estate' and buildings. These inducements are thought to be so palpably plain that the trade will become at once the company's customers and all enmity and ill-feeling will be avoided.
I must apologize. Mr. Speaker, for occupying the time of the House in reading this lengthy description of the system of ice production. I may say also that Mr. Eaton has described to me the virtue of the ice that is thus made. He says that the water goes through an electric process which deprives it of all the germs that water would naturally possess. The ice thus formed is therefore clear of all impurities of every description, and retains its congealed quality much longer that if it had not undergone this electric process. He further says in his prospectus that it removes all air globules from t'he ice. which in ordinary ice have a tendency to destroy the fish or meat when it is brought in contact with them. He further says, as I have remarked on a previous occasion in speaking on this subject. that the ice made by this process retains all the phosphoric properties contained in the fish or meat ; whereas by the ordinary process of packing these articles in ice, those properties disappear much sooner. He also states that fish when deprived of its phosphoric properties is worthless, even as bait, and the fish will not take it. He goes on further to say that when ordinary bait is removed from the icehouse and taken on board a fishing craft, the bait will last but a very short time, whereas by his process it will last considerable longer. He also told me that he would think nothing of wrapping a pound of ice in a piece of thick paper, putting it into his satchel and travelling to Boston and back, and the ice would he in almost as perfect a condition as when he started. If that is the case it certainly offers many advantages over any other method of manufacturing ice that I have yet heard of. I have occupied a considerable time in givin expression to my views in regard to the question of dog-fish and