Mr. G. D. GRANT (North Ontario).
year 1903 the farmers of this country exported of their own produce $114,000,000 worth, there being an increase of $18,000,000 over the previous year's export and an increase of $64,000,000 over the export of 1896. I ^need not go into the different articles. I need not quote the returns of the different products, but when we remember that in 1903 our farmers and cheese men sold of cheese $24,000,000 worth, of butter $7,000,000 worth, of hams and bacon $16,000,000 worth, of wheat $24,000,0(10 worth, and of cattle $11,000,000 worth, it will convey to us some faint idea of the growing importance of the industry of agriculture and furthermore of the splendid strides it has been making during the past few years in Canada. Being myself a solicitor, practising in a small way in a country town, I have some practical knowledge of What the farmers, at least of my own province, are doing. I can say from my experience and knowledge of the state of affairs in the province of Ontario at least, and I doubt not but what it is true of the other provinces, that the farmers are paying off their mortgage indebtedness and paying it off very rapidly. Mr. Speaker, if a farmer comes into a solicitor's office to borrow money to-day it is not because he is going behind. It is because he wants to buy the fifty acres next to him or the 100 acres across the road, and the man who has sold the fifty or 100 acres to him is not going away to Dakota disgusted and disgruntled, but very likely he is retiring with a competence to live in comfort in the adjoining town, or if a young man. is going to our Northwest there to join in making a home amongst the many hundreds and thousands who are settled in that fertile country. Why do I quote these figures ? It is not for the purpose, let me assure you, Mr. Speaker, of recording any party advantage, or of building an argument thereon-and I quite confess an indisputable argument might easily be built thereon for the retention of the present government and its policy-but for the purpose of strengthening and confirming, if it were necessary, the conviction bf every one, that it is a good thing to be a citizen of Canada in this fair day of hope and progress.
Sir. let me refer to our great western country. The speech from the Throne would have been singularly lacking had it not spoken of the wonderful growth which Western Canada has experienced. I hesitate to quote figures ; I hesitate to set an array of statistics before the House on such an occasion ; but I cannot refrain from giving a few figures which bear on the development of the West. When I state, that the immigration to Canada last year (1903) comprised 128,000 souls, it will be apparent at a glance that there has been a great influx of settlement, and I may add that two-thirds of these new comers were English speaking citizens. These figures show an increase over the figures of the previous year of 44,000,