Of course, the man who innocently utters it does not
come within the meaning of the Criminal Code. The intent is in reality to reach those people who utter the coin originally for the express purpose of using it as an advertising device. In legislation, when you attempt to particularize, you generally fall -wide of the mark in view.
It seems to me that the difficulty could be easily got over by .saying : ' Every one who utters any coin defaced for the purpose of advertising.' Then the fact of its having been issued by any firm and bearing the name of that firm, would be proof that it was issued for the purpose of advertising, and they would have to prove the contrary.
That is the particular case we have in view and which suggested the necessity for this section. My hon. friend will agree that a coin may be defaced by having stamped on it a name or word or letter and still not be used as an advertisement. In the particular case of the Dunlop Tire Company, they put certain marks on the coin which they uttered to the public. Then when the coins are brought back to the company, they are redeemed at their face value. In this particular case, defaced coins are used specifically for the purpose of advertising, but there is no reason why, when a coin is defaced by a numeral, it should be treated differently from when it is defaced by a name or word. The section of law which applies to the case mentioned by the hon. member for Victoria (Mr. Hughes) is 475, which makes an indictable offence the circulating of gold or silver coin of less than the proper weight.
Changing money, one accidentally gets some coins with holes through them. In sending a message to the telegraph office, they told me I had sent a coin with a hole through it, and I had to take it back. The suggestion occurred to me was the coin depreciated. I have experimented with copper. Any one who knows the nature of that metal knows that we can put a hole through it without diminishing the weight. If you punch a hole through a copper coin without reducing the weight, I cannot understand how you reduce the value.
There is a system followed by some merchants of taking platinum and running it into coin and marking it ten cents, twenty cents and so on, and they give these out as due bills for produce taken in, is that a violation of the law ?