Not by lower wages, but by the privilege of importing skilled labour-not ordinary labour or cheap labour, but skilled labour, and of a character that cannot be procured in this country. It does not propose to take from the skilled labourer here the employment that may be his due, but merely asks the privilege of importing that kind of skilled labour which cannot be procured here. This is a class of protection without increase of duty. It is a class of protection that will enable the manufacturer to increase the efficiency of his operations, to import improved methods and improved machinery, to bring here a class of expert workmen who can teach others in this country the methods in which they have been instructed in foreign countries. The great manufacturing nations of the world are all copying the improved methods which other manufacturing nations have developed, they are all bringing in skilled labour to increase the efficiency of their operations, to cheapen and increase production. Russia has developed an enormous manufacturing
interest in textile fabrics,_ in metals, in all lines of manufacture, and Russia imports English workmen, American workmen. American machinery. Russia has created a vast manufacturing interest by doing the very thing which this absurd law condemns and prohibits. The same is true with regard to Germany. Germany is importing American machinery for the manufacture of bicycles, for the manufacture of boots and shoes, for making pig iron, for rolling rails, for making structural steel, and is importing American skilled workmen to set up that machinery. The manufacturing industries of Germany have been revolutionized by the adoption of the very methods which this law will not allow us to adopt in the Dominion of Canada. I myself saw a German who was sent to examine the system of manufacturing pig iron in the United States, who said that the labour of ten men would produce more pig iron under the American system then the labour of twenty men would do in Germany; and his business was to look into the) system, to see what the methods were and the character of the machinery employed, and to make arrangements to import into Germany the kind of skilled labour which was not obtainable there. If this absurd law had been in force in Germany, such a thing could not have been done. There could have been no improvement in the methods of the German manufacturer, because the very steps to improvement would have been declared illegal.
Subtopic: ALIEN LABOUR ACT AMENDMENT.