Mr. JOHN CHARLTON (North Norfolk) moved for leave to introduce Bill (No. 106) to amend the Act to restrict the importation and employment of aliens, chapter 11, statutes of 1897. He said : Mr. Speaker, I
think the English system of setting forth the provisions of a Bill on the first reading is a good one, and therefore I take this opportunity of saying a few words with regard to this measure.' The Act, chapter 11 of 1897, provides that it is permitted to import skilled labour in or upon any new industry not established in Canada. The Bill I now submit proposes to eliminate these words ' in or upon any new industry not at present established in Canada,' and to permit the importation of skilled labour for established industries. The operation of the existing law has been found by parties engaged in manufacturing to work most disastrously to their interest ; and I can see no reason why a new industry should be permitted to import skilled labour and an industry which is already established in Canada should not be permitted to do so, if such labour is not obtainable in Canada.
Now, the manufacturers, as I have said, find that the operation of this Act inflicts upon them a great hardship. The importance of rendering our manufacturing interests effective, the importance of affording to them every facility and all necessary means to lead to their successful prosecution, do not need to be enlarged upon. If we are to build up the maufacturing interests of Canada it is unwise in my opinion, to handicap those interests by a restriction of this kind, a restriction which may prevent them entirely from obtaining the skilled labour necessary in the prosecution of their business. If we propose to transfer American manufacturing interests to this country, as we are doing, and as we will do to a still greater extent if our tariff is changed in the direction of protection, it will be necessary in such cases to permit those American manufacturing interests to