than those Canadian producers who are utilizing Canadian railways and whose products are seeking the same markets; and they draw the inference that there must be "some defect in a system which permits Canadian railways to carry those products from United States territory into another point of United States territory at a less cost per ton or per mile than it costs Canadian producers to carry goods to the same points. Naturally, therefore, they complain, and they complain loudly, and they are looking forward to the establishment of a railway commission in the expectation that it will tend to relieve them, to some extent at least, of this burden which they regard as onerous and unfair. You will see in this fact a sufficient reason, I think, to justify the opinion which prevails so largely in the province of Ontario as to the necessity of a railway commission. X expect that a commission of this character will afford a considerable measure of relief to people who are complaining in this way, though I fear it will not relieve them to the extent which they expect.
Now, having by way of preliminary, outlined the object, let us turn to the Bill. The Bill is largely framed for the purpose of constituting and putting into operation a railway commission. It also makes provisions with regard to a great many other matters. While it is a Bill to create a railway commission, it is at the same time a complete revision and codification of the existing railway law passed in 1888, and of all the amendments which have since been made. We thought that it was no use taking the subject up at all unless we presented in one single measure all the provisions of a general character which relate to the construction, the maintenance, and operation of our railways. There was need for a considerable revision of the existing law, not in particulars of great moment, but in many minor particulars which would contribute to the convenience of the board in carrying out the work of the commission, and aid them more efficiently to enforce the regulations, and which would be at the same time explanatory of certain provisions in the existing law about which there may be doubt. We have, therefore, had this whole law carefully revised and consolidated, and although the creation of a railway commission is the chief object, this and other points- have been taken up and dealt with at the same time. I think I may properly describe the Bill which is now submitted as a bona fide and earnest endeavour to create a railway commission with such powers and furnished with such jurisdiction as will afford the fullest possible opportunity of working out this question to a successful issue. We have had before us the experience of other countries, we have had before us the experience of England and of the various states of the union, as well as of the inter-State Com-