the eleven years between 1878 and 1889, of 813,385,581. I happen to have the article in my hand. It does not appear to interest my hon. friend now, because I observed him yawn when I merely mentioned it. But I assure him that I am not speaking of him simply as the Minister of Trade and Commerce or the financial critic of the opposition at that time, but as the representative of the Liberal party in those days-the man who was put forward as its ablest exponent ; who, in the introduction to this very article, is referred to as the real, though not .the titular leader of the opposition; whose views were put forward throughout this [DOT]country as those of the real leader of the [DOT]opposition. I invite his attention to some of the views he then expressed-views not set out in the heat of an election campaign, but in the calmness of a magazine review; thought out carefully in the quiet of his study and not uttered on a political platform or in the heat of a political struggle. Let us see what view he took of the situation at that time. He said :
In }878, the actual taxation of Canada was $17,841,938, though, as there was a deficit in that year, the necessary taxation might he placed at $19,000,000. In 1889, the actual taxation was $30,613,522, being an Inornate of $11,613,522.
Now, if we compare 1897 with 1901, we find an increase of $15,000,000 in the four years of Liberal rule, and the Minister of Trade and Commerce, who was shocked at an actual taxation of $30,013,522 in 1889, is not shocked at an actual expenditure of $57,982,000 at the present time.
My hon. friend may say that I am comparing the receipts from taxes with the total expenditure. Well, I will compare something else for him. The total receipts from taxes during 1901 were $38,743,550, so that if my hon. friend had occasion to grow eloquent at that time, he certainly has still more occasion to do so at present. What did he say about it in this magazine article :
Comment is hardly necessary, nor, indeed, does space permit me to point out ;he enormous mischiefs which result in a young and pcor country from absorbing so large a proportion of the earnings of the people, in defraying the charges of the federal government, as is now being taken in Canada.
, Yet, although $8,000,000 more are taken now than then, the Minister of Trade and [DOT]Commerce seems perfectly contented over the situation. Let us take a comparison which he was good enough to make then, and which is the most striking thing in the article :
In 1845 the population of the United
States was (by estimate) 20,000,000
The taxes of the United States were. .$27,531,630
The total expenditure was 22,935,828
Then, he says ;
In 1889 the population of Canada was
The taxes of Canada were $30,613,522
The total expenditure was 36,917,854