I suppose so. There is no change in the grade of No. 1 Manitoba hard wheat. The grade of No. 2 Manitoba hard wheat is incorporated with No. 1 Manitoba northern wheat. There is no change in No. 1 Manitoba northern. No. 2 Manitoba northern is unchanged except that the quantity of red fife wheat necessary to the grade is changed from 50 to 45 lbs. The old law is changed to provide that scoured wheat shall not grade higher than No. 3 northern. A new grade of No. 3 Manitoba northern is added to the list, and the grade of No. 2 Manitoba hard and No. 1 Manitoba northern have been consolidated under the name of No. 1 Manitoba northern. These changes are made on the recommendation of the Winnipeg Grain and Produce Exchange and the Standard Board with the result of bringing the grades more within the composition of those of Minnesota and Dakota.
Would the hon. minister briefly state whether the changes will have the effect of raising the standard or lowering it ? I see by the papers that Manitoba wheat has not the sale it used to have or the reputation in the old country where it used to be purchased chiefly on account of its grade. Is that caused by a lax inspection or by the alteration of the grades ?
The MINISTER OF THE INTERIOR (Hon. Clifford Sifton).
I think I understand my hon. friend's point as to the difficulty that has arisen. It was taken under review by the hon. Minister of Inland Revenue (Mr. Bernier) who appointed a commission for the purpose of looking into the matter and of investigating it. I am bound to say that I have not had an opportunity of looking at the report of the commission, but, I have no dqubt at all that the difficulty was of two kinds, first, on account of the undue variations in the grade which is a question that we have been fighting about in Manitoba for years, too great flexibility in the changing of the grade, and second, some carelessness in the inspection at the port of Montreal. By the appointment of this commission of experienced men, the chairman of which was Mr. David Horn, the inspector at Winnipeg, I believe a very capable man, so considered by grain men, they have ar-Mr. BORDEN (Halifax).
rived at a plan which will enable the western wheat to be graded separately, and there can be then no excuse for mixing it with other grades and the reputation of that wheat will be preserved.
Yes. There is another Bill which will come up for second reading in a few days which gives the inspection of all articles, except weights and measures, gas and electricity, to the Department of Trade and Commerce.
Topic: CULLING OF LUMBER AND INSPECTION OF STAPLES.