April 15, 1901

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The MINISTER OF AGRICULTURE.

Now, with regard to the hon. member from Victoria, B.C. (Mr. Prior), and what he says concerning Mr. Cote's circular. In the first place he has read correspondence that I recognize as having read myself. This circular was sent to gentlemen in different parts of the country, whose names were given to Mr. COte

Topic:   SUPPLY-PENSIONS TO HEADQUARTERS STAFF, PERMANENT MILITIA.
Subtopic:   THOMAS COTE,
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CON

Edward Gawler Prior

Conservative (1867-1942)

Hon. Mr. PRIOR.

By whom?

Topic:   SUPPLY-PENSIONS TO HEADQUARTERS STAFF, PERMANENT MILITIA.
Subtopic:   THOMAS COTE,
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The MINISTER OF AGRICULTURE.

By different people-they were got in any way they could be.

Topic:   SUPPLY-PENSIONS TO HEADQUARTERS STAFF, PERMANENT MILITIA.
Subtopic:   THOMAS COTE,
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CON

Samuel Barker

Conservative (1867-1942)

Mr. BARKER.

The hon. gentleman could see it published in a dozen newspapers within the last two weeks. It is not a secret.

Topic:   SUPPLY-PENSIONS TO HEADQUARTERS STAFF, PERMANENT MILITIA.
Subtopic:   THOMAS COTE,
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The MINISTER OF AGRICULTURE.

I do not know the circular, and have not seen it. I confess that I do not study the newspapers ns closely as hon. gentlemen opposite, or as closely as some hon. gentlemen on this side do. I have not seen the circular he has alluded to.

Topic:   SUPPLY-PENSIONS TO HEADQUARTERS STAFF, PERMANENT MILITIA.
Subtopic:   THOMAS COTE,
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CON

Robert Laird Borden (Leader of the Official Opposition)

Conservative (1867-1942)

Mr. BORDEN (Halifax).

Might I suggest, before the hon, gentleman proceeds, it might be desirable, for the information of the House, that copies of all circulars sent out be laid on the Table. The hon. gentleman referred to one that was sent out in answer to questions that had been asked

Topic:   SUPPLY-PENSIONS TO HEADQUARTERS STAFF, PERMANENT MILITIA.
Subtopic:   THOMAS COTE,
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The MINISTER OF AGRICULTURE.

Instructions sent to the commissioner. It was not in the form of a circular. It was sent to a number of commissioners in the province of Quebec.

Topic:   SUPPLY-PENSIONS TO HEADQUARTERS STAFF, PERMANENT MILITIA.
Subtopic:   THOMAS COTE,
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CON

Robert Laird Borden (Leader of the Official Opposition)

Conservative (1867-1942)

Mr. BORDEN (Halifax).

Are the instructions comprised in these laid on the Table ?

Topic:   SUPPLY-PENSIONS TO HEADQUARTERS STAFF, PERMANENT MILITIA.
Subtopic:   THOMAS COTE,
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The MINISTER OF AGRICULTURE.

No, it was sent in response to questions sent in by the commissioners.

Topic:   SUPPLY-PENSIONS TO HEADQUARTERS STAFF, PERMANENT MILITIA.
Subtopic:   THOMAS COTE,
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CON

Robert Laird Borden (Leader of the Official Opposition)

Conservative (1867-1942)

Mr. BORDEN (Halifax).

I think the House, before passing this vote would like to have a copy of the instructions to all census commissioners, enumerators, and so on, or to any of them, and a copy of all

Topic:   SUPPLY-PENSIONS TO HEADQUARTERS STAFF, PERMANENT MILITIA.
Subtopic:   THOMAS COTE,
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CON

Edward Gawler Prior

Conservative (1867-1942)

Hon. Mr. PRIOR.

Who were they given to ?

Topic:   SUPPLY-PENSIONS TO HEADQUARTERS STAFF, PERMANENT MILITIA.
Subtopic:   THOMAS COTE,
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The MINISTER OF AGRICULTURE.

I really cannot tell. Mr. Cote was instructed to find out who might aid in securing them amongst the population of French origin, who in times gone by have been, to a certain extent, mislead as to the census taking. The object is to lead to these people giving correct and full answers to the enumerator's questions. I may say that in large parts of the province of Quebec, some people were told that the questions of the census were to afford a basis for imposing taxation. In another place there was a story of conscription for military service. And in other parts equally absurd statements were circulated. It was with the desire of removing such difficulties from the enumerators' way, that the circular was issued.

Topic:   SUPPLY-PENSIONS TO HEADQUARTERS STAFF, PERMANENT MILITIA.
Subtopic:   THOMAS COTE,
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CON

Nathaniel Clarke Wallace

Conservative (1867-1942)

Mr. WALLACE.

Why should they be sent out ' confidential ?'

Topic:   SUPPLY-PENSIONS TO HEADQUARTERS STAFF, PERMANENT MILITIA.
Subtopic:   THOMAS COTE,
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The MINISTER OF AGRICULTURE.

Because there were the stories circulated amongst the French Canadians. We have not received complaints that the same stories were circulated amongst the Englishspeaking people. The only object was to secure an enumeration and to prepare for the correct answers to the questions put. My hon. friend from Victoria says he does not see why questions as to origin should be asked.

Topic:   SUPPLY-PENSIONS TO HEADQUARTERS STAFF, PERMANENT MILITIA.
Subtopic:   THOMAS COTE,
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CON

Edward Gawler Prior

Conservative (1867-1942)

Hon. Mr. PRIOR.

Hear, hear.

Topic:   SUPPLY-PENSIONS TO HEADQUARTERS STAFF, PERMANENT MILITIA.
Subtopic:   THOMAS COTE,
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The MINISTER OF AGRICULTURE.

I can only sav that the hon. gentleman is at variance with all othet people who have had to do with the same thing, because this question as to origin is asked in all the censuses that I know about, or that the officers ot the department know about. It is a proper question to ask, and it is a question which statisticians desire to be asked and to be answered. In this country we are not ashamed to know and to publish abroad that we are a people of different origins, that we are living together here in Canada, and are trying to build up a nation composed of these different origins, which I trust, however, in the course of time, will form a homogeneous nation. In this connection, I would like to say a word about something which the hon. gentleman did not directly refer to, that for the first time an opportunity is given in this census to the people to call themselves Canadians. Heretofore in the census of Canada all persons have called themselves something else, there was no provision in any schedule of a former census for a man to call himself a Canadian. Now, for the first time, a provision is made for the enumeration of the people under the head of nationality, so that any citizen of Canada living here is allowed to call himself a Canadian. I feel that this is an important step in the right direction.

Mr. BENNETT, Did not the schedules in former censuses show where the people were born ?

Topic:   SUPPLY-PENSIONS TO HEADQUARTERS STAFF, PERMANENT MILITIA.
Subtopic:   THOMAS COTE,
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The MINISTER OF AGRICULTURE.

Yes.

Topic:   SUPPLY-PENSIONS TO HEADQUARTERS STAFF, PERMANENT MILITIA.
Subtopic:   THOMAS COTE,
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CON

William Humphrey Bennett

Conservative (1867-1942)

Mr. BENNETT.

Then, would they not show that people who were born in Canada were Canadians ?

Topic:   SUPPLY-PENSIONS TO HEADQUARTERS STAFF, PERMANENT MILITIA.
Subtopic:   THOMAS COTE,
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The MINISTER OF AGRICULTURE.

Yes, but there are many people who are Canadians and who were not born in Canada. There are gentlemen sitting in this House who at heart are Canadians to the core, but who were born in other countries. There are many people in this country who were not born in Canada, but who are just as good Canadians as the men whose fathers and grandfathers were born here.

Topic:   SUPPLY-PENSIONS TO HEADQUARTERS STAFF, PERMANENT MILITIA.
Subtopic:   THOMAS COTE,
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CON

William Humphrey Bennett

Conservative (1867-1942)

Mr. BENNETT.

Would not the schedules then have stated whether a Canadian was native-born or naturalized ?

Topic:   SUPPLY-PENSIONS TO HEADQUARTERS STAFF, PERMANENT MILITIA.
Subtopic:   THOMAS COTE,
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April 15, 1901