whence imported. . 1894. 1897. 1898.Apples, raw- From United States $ 2,129,234 $ 2,443,228 $ 1,954,298From Canada.. 1,541.368 1,355,643 2,179,782Butter- From United States 612,102 3,079,048 1,386,601From Canada.. 437,988 2,162,029 3,217,004Cheese- From United States 7,816,848 6,867,563 4,892,007From Canada.. 13,068,277 16,278,574 14,306,503Eggs- From United States 126,034 205,806 325,717From Canada.. 450,249 942,830 1,223,310Fish- From United States 2,000,079 3,482,593 2,983,276From Canada.. 3,074,844 3,571,448 4,278,695
Other farm products are in the same ratio; just as American exports to Great Britain decline, Canadian exports Increase. These figures furnish satisfactory testimony in favour of the improvement of the.trade of Canada with Great Britain, as compared with that of our neighbours in the United States. This is an index pointing out that tlie present government stands for encouragement to the marketing of agricultural products. There was an item passed in this House not long ago for the encouragement of fishing, that is an item of $25,000 beyond the ordinary grant. I will give the House a few figures that were handed to me a few
days ago from the official in charge of this department, and they go to show the value of this appropriation to the various parts of the country. I will give the statement for January, 1901, because it is short:
Shipments of Fresh and Frozen Fish from Mulgrave, January, 1901.
To No. of pounds.
Points west Montreal 209,350
Points east Quebec 65,550
United States via Halifax and St. John 74,590 By express 36,250
I give this as a justification for the appropriation made by the government on behalf of the fisheries in the maritime provinces. I will also refer for a moment to the favourable condition of trade in this country, which fully justifies the government in continuing the even tenor of its course. In 1900 the trade of the Dominion was $60,000,000 over the year 1899, thus showing an improvement in the trade of this country in one year closely approaching that in the trade of the country for the eighteen years of this so-called national policy was in force. I ask my hon. friend the leader of the opposition then, coming as he does from the same province as myself, how can he justify fighting this order of things in his province by his resolution ? We see an improvement in the trade of this country of $60,000,000 in one year as compared with the improvement for eighteen years under the very policy that he wishes this country to revert to.
1 need scarcely call the attention of the House to the revenue of the country. For the past year it has been $51,000,000, the expenditure has been $43,000,003, leaving a surplus of $8,000,000. Let me say in this connection tliat while hon. gentlemen opposite clamour against what they call the useless expenditures made by the present government, the present government at least is living within its means ; whereas when they, the opposition, were governing this Dominion and receiving $38,000,000 of revenue, they had to go to the money markets of the world and borrow by the million. For eighteen years their borrowings averaged $6,000,000 a year. I am stating this fact chiefly to show the unreasonableness of offering a resolution that is calculated to combat this most satisfactory order of things in the administration of the public affairs of this country.
Having thus briefly referred to some of the points which I feel justify me in voting against the resolution submitted by the leader of the opposition, I shall not weary the House further than to say fhat while the trade of this country flourishes as it does, while the revenues of this country are ample, while public matters are attended to without an increase in the public debt, while all industries in Canada are prosper-