The Lipad Blog

Hansard Citation Guide for LiPaD Resources

Wondering how to properly cite a speech from Hansard in your written work?

For APA 6th edition, you can follow this template:

Decore, J. (1951, February 27). "Trans-Canada Pipe Lines Limited." Canada. Parliament. House of Commons. Edited Hansard. 21st Parliament, 4th session. Retrieved from LiPaD: The Linked Parliamentary Data Project website:

  • Click on "Permalink" in the bottom right of a speech in Full or Search view to get a unique page and URL for any speech.
  • Find the "title" of the speech below it in the topic or subtopic field. Choose the topic that most specifically reflects the speech.
  • Find the Parliament and session information above the speech, next to the date, in Permalink view.

If you make use of the LiPaD database in your research, please also cite our research paper:

Beelen, K., Thijm, T. A., Cochrane, C., Halvemaan, K., Hirst, G., Kimmins, M., Lijbrink, S., ... Whyte, T. (2017). "Digitization of the Canadian Parliamentary Debates." Canadian Journal of Political Science, 50(3), 849–864.

Additional Information on Citations:

  • For legal citations, volume and page number information from the print Hansard may be required. Unfortunately, this information is not retained in the LiPaD dataset. Performing a search for your speech at can lead you to an original scan of the text.

Many thanks to Nicholas Worby and Margaret Fulford at University of Toronto Reference and Research Services for their assistance in creating this guide!

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Tanya Whyte

PhD Student, University of Toronto